County, NC Timeline
The North Carolina State Archives has some interesting
documents on file about the Colonial years in Carolina. This
Timeline specifically lists the items which involve the
Albemarle Region. As you can see from the below, Albemarle
County first became a unit of government in 1663 but was dissolved
by 1728. A short history indeed for the county -- but a rich
history in the region itself. I especially like the comment
about the governor that was captured by pirates on his way to serve,
and managed to actually start his service as governor after he was
released 4 years later!!
- 1657 Nathaniel Batts, first known permanent white settler in
the Albemarle region, had a house on the Chowan River by this time.
- 1664-1667 William Drummond first governor appointed for
- 1664 Three counties to be established in Carolina: Albemarle,
 Clarendon (on the Cape Fear River), and Craven (later South
- 1667-1670 Samuel Stephens governor of Albemarle County.
- 1668 Lords Proprietors
agreed that settlers in Albemarle County might hold land under
the same terms and conditions as those in Virginia.
- 1668? Chowan, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Perquimans
precincts formed in Albemarle County.
- 1670-1672 Peter Carteret governor of Albemarle County.
- 1672 Quakers William Edmundson and George Fox preached in the
- 1672-1676 John Jenkins acting governor of Albemarle County.
- 1676-1677 Thomas Eastchurch appointed governor of Albemarle
County by the Lords Proprietors, but he died before taking office.
- 1677 Thomas Miller deputy governor of Albemarle County under Thomas Eastchurch. He was deposed by the rebels under John Culpeper.
[Culpeper’s Rebellion—revolt against acting governor Miller headed
by John Culpeper and George Durant.]
- 1677-1678 John Culpeper governor of Albemarle County; elected by the
- 1678 Seth Sothel appointed governor of Albemarle County by the Lords
Proprietors. He was on his way to Carolina when he was captured by
pirates and held until 1682.
- 1679 John Harvey deputy governor of Albemarle County acting in the
absence of Sothel.
Robert Holden commissioned by the Lords Proprietors to explore the
province “either on this side or beyonde the Apaletean Mountaines.”
- 1679-1681 John Jenkins president of the council and acting governor
of Albemarle County.
- 1680 Ashley River settlement (begun 1670) moved from south to north
side of the river and named Charles Town.
- 1681 Captain Henry Wilkinson appointed governor of Albemarle County,
but personal difficulties in England prevented his sailing.
- 1682 Samuel Wilson, secretary to the Lords Proprietors, published An
Account of the Province of Carolina in America.
- 1682-1689 Seth Sothel governor of Albemarle County.
- 1685 Death of Charles II.
James II ascended the throne.
- 1688 James II deposed.
- 1689 William and Mary ascended the throne.
- 1689-1694 Philip Ludwell governor of “that part of Carolina that
lyes North and East of Cape feare” from 1689 to 1691. From 1691 to
1694 he was governor of all Carolina with headquarters at Charles
Town. A deputy governed the northern part of the colony.
- 1690 A colony of French from Virginia settled on the Pamlico River.
- 1691 The Lords Proprietors appointed a governor of Carolina, uniting
all the settlements under one head. A deputy governor became head of
the government in the Albemarle region, thus beginning the division
of the province into North and South Carolina, though not so called
at this time.
- 1691-1694 Thomas Jarvis deputy governor for the region north and
east of the Cape Fear.
- 1694-1696 John Archdale governor of all Carolina with headquarters
at Charles Town. A deputy governed the northern part of the colony.
- 1694-1699 Thomas Harvey deputy governor of the region north and east
of the Cape Fear.
- 1699-1704 Henderson Walker president of the council and acting
deputy governor for the region north and east of the Cape Fear.
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