Martin County, which is located in the northeastern part of North Carolina, is bounded on the north by the Roanoke River and Bertie County; on the west by Edgecombe, Pitt and Beaufort counties; and on the east by Washington County.
Martin County, named in honor of the last Royal Governor of North Carolina, Josiah Martin, was formed in 1774 from parts of Halifax and Tyrrell counties. Native Americans of the Tuscarora tribe originally lived in the region before English immigrants settled it. The site of the first county seat is unknown, but in 1779 Williamston, first called Squhawky and located on the Roanoke River, was established as the county seat and remains so to this day.
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