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Please note that we are not part of Scotland County’s government system.
“The earliest settlers in what is now Scotland County were composed largely of Highland Scots. It is fairly well established by several writers of Scottish history that there were Highlanders living in this area as early as 1729, when North Carolina became a royal colony. However, much of the Scot settlement came in the next quarter century. It was during this period that many Scots pushed up the Cape Fear River into the area surrounding their Cross Creek settlement, later Campbellton, now Fayetteville, and consequently, into the area that is now Scotland County.”
Source: Betty Myers’ History of Scotland County.
In 1725 John Herbert, Commissioner of Indian Trade for the Wineau Factory, published a map identifying “enclaves of Cheraw, Pee Dee, Waccamaw, and Scavano Indians who continue to live on their traditional lands along the Pee Dee River at what is now the border of North Carolina and South Carolina, and near its tributary Drowning Creek in Robeson County, North Carolina.”
The 1790 United States Census for the Scotland County area “lists prominent Lumbee family names, including Locklear, Oxendine, Chavis, Lowry, Hammonds, Brooks, Brayboy, Cumbo, Revels, Carter and Kersey, as ‘all other free persons.'”
[source for the previous two paragraphs: Lumbee Indian Tribe website timeline]
Many of Scotland County’s pioneer families eventually migrated to South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi.
Present-day neighbors of Scotland County include: Richmond, Hoke, Moore, and Robeson counties. The county seat and largest town within the county is Laurinburg. South Carolina neighbors include Marlboro and Dillon counties.
We hope that you enjoy your visit to the Scotland County NCGenWeb site. The links will provide you with additional information. Please contact us if you have any suggestions or resources you would like to share on the site.
Many thanks to Brent Currie, Denise Woodside, Mary Modlin, and Richard Phillips for their previous service to Scotland NCGenWeb.