RICHMOND COUNTY CRIMINAL RECORDS   1789-1798
Transcribed and contributed by Myrtle Bridges



July 1789 - State vs. Phillip James & Moses Chambers
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session 1789. We the Jurors for the State upon our 
oath present Phillip James & Moses Chambers for fighting in the town of Rockingham on the 14th of 
this instant to the great terror of the good people and against the peace & dignity of the State. 
A True Presentment. John Cole, Foreman, James Bostick, Isaac Yeats, Joseph Hines, John Morehead, 
Richard Adams, Charles Robinson, Daniel Currey, James Watson, William Woodle, John Ewin, Samuel 
Pate, Nicholas Clark, George Bound, John Matthews, William Thomas, and Thomas Jones. 

September 1789
Richmond County. The information of Elizabeth Mims on oath declaring that Alse Bond, Rachel Bond 
and Nicholas Bond came on the 2nd day of September in the forenoon to the house where she and her 
husband William Mims lived. That the said Alice and Rachel Bond had clubs in their hands and that 
the said Nicholas had a large pocket knife; that the said Rachel dared this deponent and her daughter, 
Mary Snead, to fight; that Rachel did strike her daughter Mary, on which the deponent told her the 
said Rachel not to strike her daughter Mary, for Mary was with child and instantly endeavored to part 
them when the said Alice advanced and struck this deponent and her two daughters Mary Snead  and 
Susanna Dearman  with a club, at such time William Mims came out to their assistance. Immediately 
on the said William's appearance the said Rachel struck him four blows with a club.  Alse Bond then 
called on Nicholas to come on and "let's kill them." On which call the said Nicholas opened 
his knife and said to this deponent ...	                             Civil Action Papers CR.082.325.3

October 1789 - State vs. Alse Bond
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The jurors for the State upon their oath present that Alse 
Bond late of Richmond County, spinster, on the first day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and eighty nine at the county aforesaid with force and arms an assault did make on the body 
of Mary Snead, wife of Phillip Sneed, then and there being in the peace of the State, and her the said Mary 
did beat wound and ill treat against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. Cupples, Atto for County. 

October 1789 - State vs. Nicholas Bond
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The jurors for the State upon their oath present that Alse Bond 
late of Richmond County, labourer, on the tenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and eighty nine at the county aforesaid with force and arms an assault did make on the body 
of Betsey Mims, wife of William Mims, then and there being in the peace of the State, and her the said 
Betsey did beat wound and ill treat against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. Cupples, Atto for County. 

October 1789 - State vs. Alse Bond
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The jurors for the State upon their oath present that Alse 
Bond late of Richmond County, spinster, on the tenth day of September in the year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and eighty nine at the county aforesaid with force and arms an assault did 
make on the body of Susana Dearmon, wife of Jonathan Dearmon, then and there being in the peace of 
the State, and her the said Susana did beat wound and ill treat against the peace and dignity of the 
State. Wm. Cupples, Atto for County. 

October 1789 - State vs. Wm. Mims AB  Aley Bond, Pros, Rachel Bond, Nicholas Bond, Wits. 
North Carolina, Richmond County. The jurors for the State upon their oath present that William Mims, 
late of Richmond County, planter, on the 4th day of September in the year of our Lord 1789 at the 
county aforesaid with force and arms an assault did make on the body of Alecy Bond then and there 
being in the peace of the State and her the said Alecy did beat, wound and ill treat to her great 
damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. Cupples, Atto for Co.. John Snead, Foreman.

October 1789 - State & Elizabeth Mims
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Sheriff to summon Mark Touchberry, William Hunter, Junior 
and Sarah Croson to appear at this present term to give evidence in behalf Elizabeth Mims. Herein, 
fail not and have then and there this writ. Witness William Love, Clerk of the Court 15th of October 
1789. Wm. Love, Clerk.

October 1789 - State vs. Mary Snead 
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The jurors for the State upon their oath present that Mary 
Snead, wife of Phillip Snead, spinsters, late of Richmond County, on the 4th day of September in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine at the county aforesaid with force and arms 
an assault did make on the body of Rachael Bond then and there being in the peace of the State, and her 
the said Rachael did beat wound and ill treat against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. Cupples, 
Atto for Co.

October 1789 - Phillip Sneed vs. Rachael Bond
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1789.  The Jurors for the State upon their 
oath present that Rachael Bond late of Richmond County, Spinster, on the 10th day of April in the year 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine at the county aforesaid with force and arms one 
linen handkerchief of the value of six pence of the proper goods and chattels of Phillip Sneed then and 
there being feloniously did steal, take and carry away against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. 
Cupples, Atto for State.

December 1789 - State vs. Rollin Dunbar - Warrant. Bond for Appearance
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Hector McNeil complains upon oath that he has just 
cause to believe that Rollin Dunbar, alias Hill, did on the 3rd day of December 1789 feloniously steal 
and kill one sandy coloured sow with a white belt round her belly marked with his proper mark as follows; 
a crop and slit in the right ear and nick in the underside and nick in upper and lower side of the left 
ear contrary to law and against the peace and dignity of the State and to the evil example of all other 
in the like case offending. You are hereby commanded to take the body of the said Rollin Dunbar alias 
Hill, and him safely keep until you have him before me or some other Justice of the Peace for said county 
to be dealt with agreeable to law, given under my hand and seal this 3rd day of December, 1789. Jno 
McAlester to Daniel McLauchlin to execute and return.

Richmond County. Executed by me December 3rd, 1789. Daniel McLauchlin
John Dunbar, James Dunbar, alias Hill & Sarah Dunbar alias Hill, acknowledges each of themselves as 
aforesaid in the sum of one hundred pounds specie that the said Rollin Dumbar, alias Hill, do make 
his appearance and not depart the State without leave of said Court. Signed  John McAlister. Jno. 
Dunbar (x his mark), James Dunbar (x his mark) and Sarah Dunbar (x her mark)

January 1790 -  Duncan McFarland and Others AB James Bound.
North Carolina, Richmond County. January Session 1790
The Jurors for the State upon their oath present that Duncan McFarland, Dugald McFarland, William 
McFerson and John Curry, late of Richmond County, labourers on the 5th day of December in the year 
of our Lord1789 at the County of Richmond with force and arms an assault did make on the body of a 
certain James Bownd then and there being in the peace of the State, and him the said James did beat 
wound and evilly treat and other wrongs then and there did against the peace and dignity of the State. 
Judson, Atty for County.

January 1790 -  State vs. James McDonald
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This day came Robert Leverett before me James Smith a Justice 
of the said county and made oath on the Holey Evangelist of 
Almighty God that he had a quantity of Iron stole out of Bostick's shop and has 'jest' cause to believe 
that it was James McDonald did take the same. These are in the name of the State to command you to take 
the body of said McDaniel and bring him before me or some other Justice to answer the above complaint 
given under my hand and seal January the 28th day 1790. James Smith. Summons for the State James Smith, 
Wilem McDaniel, John McDaniel, Wilem Benett, John Jenkins, James Bostick. To any lawful officer to 
execute and return.

January 1790 -  State vs. James McDonald
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Memorandum. On this 29th day of March 1790 personally came 
James McDaniel before me Benj. Powell one of the State Justices of the Peace for the County aforesaid, 
and acknowledged himself indebted to the State of NC in the sum of £25 to be levied on his goods and 
chattels, lands and tenements to be void on condition that Sarah McDaniel, wife of said James McDaniel 
make his personal appearance at the next County Court to be held for the County of Richmond on the second 
Monday in April next then and there to give evidence in a certain matter of controversy then and there 
to be tried between the State plaintiff and John McDaniel defendant and not to depart the Court without 
leave. Test: Ben Powell

February 1790 -  State vs. John McDonald.
North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, I am constable informed on oath that John McDonald of said 
County did feloniously take steal and carry away a quantity of tobacco the property of Owen Slaughter 
contrary to the peace and dignity of the State. A warrant to any lawful officer to execute. Summons to 
William Bennett and John Jenkins, Witnesses for the State. Arthur Robinson, Pros. Benjamin Powel Clk.

February 1790 -  State vs. Jesse Stricklin & Others
North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Statia Boarrin hath made complaint to me John Wall one of the 
Justices assigned to keep the peace within said county, that sometime about the middle or last of January 
1790 Charles Evans, Jesse Stricklin, George Haley, John Haley, all of the county aforesaid, being unlawfully 
assembled together at an old cabin on Isham Haley's land which was the complainant's place of abode at 
that time, with guns and other offensive weapons in the night time did abuse the complainant by discharging 
their guns in the house making use of threatening language, put the woman in fear and other wrongs then 
and there did commit contrary to the peace and dignity of this State. Therefore you are commanded to have 
the said Jesse Stricklin, John Haley, Geo. Haley, Chas. Evans before me or some other justice of said 
county to be examined to why the premises wherewith they stand charged. Herein fail not and this shall 
be your sufficient warrant. Given under my hand and seal this 20th February 1790. Jno. Wall. To any lawful 
officer to execute and return. Summons for the State Ezra Bostick, Jane Jernigan, Johanna Jernigan & Sarah 
McSwane.

March 1790 - State Daniel McDaniel, Kisiah McDaniel & Elizabeth Powell
North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Elizabeth Cassles hath this day made oath before me Nathaniel 
Chaires one of the Justices of the Peace for said County, that on the 15th day of the present month at 
the house of Benjamin Powell, Esq., that Daniel McDonald and Kisiah McDonald and Elizabeth Powell did 
then and there with force and arms an assault and affray did make and her the said Elizabeth did beat 
and wound to her great damage and contrary to the peace and dignity of the State  These are in the name 
of the State to command you to apprehend the said Daniel McDonald, Kisiah McDonald and Elizabeth Powell 
and cause them to appear before some Justice of the Peace for said County to be examined concerning the 
premises as they were charged. Given under my hand and seal this 16th March 1790. Nathaniel Chaires. To 
Joseph Tarbutton to execute and return.

March 1790 - State & Elizabeth Casels (or Cason) vs. Dan. McDaniel and his wife Kezia . North Carolina, 
Richmond County. Whereas, Daniel McDaniel and his wife Kezer in the County aforesaid with force and arms 
an assault did make on the body of Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Cason and her did beat and ill treat greatly 
to her damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. These are therefore in the name of the State 
to command you to cause the said Daniel McDaniel & his wife to appear before some Justice of the Peace for 
said County to find securities for their appearance at the next County Court to be held in said County to 
answer for themselves. Herein fail not. Given under my hand and seal the 26th day of March 1790. Ben Powell. 
To Squire Robinson. Summons Charles Robinson, Sen'r & Nathan Powell, wit. for State.

March 1790 - State vs. Charles Robison, Jr. Arthur Robison and Squire Robison  Recognizance: March 29, 1790. 
Charles Robison, Squire Robison & Arthur Robinson bound in £25 each for their appearances at Court and 
keeping the peace in the mean-time toward Elizabeth Cason the wife of Thos. Cason. Daniel McDaniel, 
Security in the same sum for Arthur Robison. Test: Benjamin Powell

April 1790 - State vs. John McDonald  Sarah McDonald "to testify and the truth to say" in behalf of 
the State.

April 1790 - State vs. James McDonald. Pet. Lar. Robert Leverit, Pros., Ann McDonald, Richard Powel, 
James …, John McDonald, Wits.
North Carolina, Richmond County. April Session 1790. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present 
that James McDonald late of said County, Planter, on the 10th day of January Anno Domini 1786 at said 
County of Richmond with force and arms, a quantity of iron of the weight of forty one and a half pounds 
of the value of six pence of the proper goods and chattels of Robert Leverit, feloniously did take, steal 
and carry away against the peace and dignity of the State. D. Judson, Atty.

April 1790 - State vs. Elizabeth Powell, wife of Benjamin Powell. Assault on Elizabeth Caples. Thomas 
Caples, Pros, Elizabeth Caples, Thos. Ussery, James Carter and John McRea, witnesses.

April 1790 - State vs. Bird Shepherd  Margaret Shepherd, Isom Henry, Elizabeth Carter and Margaret Bennet 
summoned to appear before the Justice of Richmond County Court and the truth to say in behalf of Bird 
Shepherd who stands accused of feloniously taking one pound of wool of the value of six pence of the 
proper goods of one John Smith. Executed by Jos. Tarbutton  Subpoena to Thos. Gibson. D. Judson 

July 1790 - State vs. Ann McCarro
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session. The Jurors for the State and County on oath 
present that Ann McCarro wife of William McCarro, late of said County on the 21st day of June Anno 
Domini one thousand seven hundred and ninety at said County with force and arms one piece of fine 
white linen cloth of five yards of the value of six pence and of the proper goods and chattels of 
Rebekah Crawford of said County did feloniously take steal and carry away to the great damage of the 
said Rebekah and to the evil example of all others in like case offending and against the peace and 
dignity of the State. Judson, Atty.

July 1790 - State vs. Ann McCarro
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session. The Jurors for the State and County on oath 
present that Ann McCarro wife of William McCarro, late of said County on the 25th  day of June Anno 
Domini one thousand seven hundred and ninety at said County with force and arms one linen sheet of 
the value of six pence and of the proper goods and chattels of Miles King, Esq. did feloniously take 
steal and carry away to the great damage of the said Miles and to the evil example of all others in 
like case offending and against the peace and dignity of the State. Judson, Atty.

July 1790 - State vs. William McCarro
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session. The Jurors for the State and County on oath 
present that William McCarro late of said county on the 28th day of September Anno Domini 1790 at 
said county with force and arms one spotted cotton linen handkerchief of the value of six pence of 
the proper goods and chattels of Duncan McFarland did feloniously take, steal and carry away against 
the peace and dignity of the state. Judson, Attorney.

July 1790 - State vs. Duncan McFarland. James Watson, Pros. Sam'l McNair, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the state and county on oath present that 
Duncan McFarland late of said county on the 25th of April 1790 in said county with force and arms 
did make and erect a fence across the public road near said McFarland's dwelling house in said county 
to the great damage of the public and against the peace and dignity of the state. Judson Atty.

July 1790 - State vs. Wm. McFerson   Daniel McNair, Pros., John McNair, Wit.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State & County on oath present that  William 
McFerson  late of said county on the 10th day of May 1790 at said county with force and arms did 
cut and fell timber logs & brush and place them in the public road near Duncan McFarland's dwelling 
house in said County so that said road was rendered impassible to travelers which is a public 
nuisance and against the peace and dignity of the State. Judson, Attorney. Thomas Blewet, Foreman.

July 1790 - State vs. Joel Coward. Wm. Williams, Pros. James Cole, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session 1790. The Jurors for the State and County 
on oath present that Joel Coward late of said county and constable for the same on the 5th day of 
May Anno Domini 1790 at said county with force and arms did fraudulently and falsely make and write 
a warrant to summon Wm. Williams to answer the complaint of Wm. McFerson and subscribed said warrant 
with the signature of James Cole, JP. without said Cole's knowledge or consent which is a misdemeanor 
in office and against the peace & dignity of the State. Judson, Attorney.

July Session 1790 - State vs. Joel Coward. Indt Misdr. Jury sworn find the defendant guilty in manner 
reform as charged in bill of Indmt. Reasons in arrest of Judgment. That there is not county named in 
the body of the indictment. That the day and year said in the indictment is not said in English as 
required by law. That he is charged with a misdemeanor in executing a process issued from a judgment 
of Esq. McCollester when there is no such man in said county of Richmond and the process was an execution 
of Duncan McFarland when there could be no color of authority therefore no misdemeanor in office of 
constable or nothing more than a trespass in a private capacity. William Cupples, Atto for County.

July 1790 - State vs. Duncan McFarland. James Watson, Pros. Wm. Williams, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session 1790. The Jurors for the State and County on 
oath present that Duncan McFarland late of said county on the 30th day of April Anno Domini 1790 with 
force and arms at said County did block up and stop the public road leading from Sneeds bridge to 
McLauchlin's ferry by cutting logs and holes and placing them in the road so as to render it impassible 
to travelers which is a public nuisance and against the peace and dignity of the State. A True Bill. 
Thomas Blewet, Foreman

July 1790 - State vs. Wm. McFerson. James Watson, Pros. Anguish McGill, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session 1790. The Jurors for the State and County on 
oath present that William McFerson late of said County overseer of the public road from Sneeds bridge 
to McLaughlin's ferry in said county on the 13th day of May Anno Domini 1790 with force and arms at 
said county did under protection of authority as overseer compel, order and oblige James Watson to work 
and labour in clearing a road leading through Jordan's Creek which ground was never laid out for a road 
by any persons having authority for the same to the said Watson's great damage and against the peace and 
dignity of the state. Judson, Atty. A True Bill. Thomas Blewet, Foreman

July 1790 - State vs. Wm. McFerson. James Watson, Pros. Thomas Blewet, Foreman
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. July Session 1790. The Jurors for the State and County on 
oath present that William McFerson late of said county, overseer of the public road from Sneed's creek 
to McLaughlin's ferry in said county in said capacity of overseer proceeded to warrant James Watson for 
not working on the public road when required by him, and recovered judgment against said Watson in said 
county before a justice of the peace for the same, on the 10th day of May Anno Domini 1790 and soon after 
on the 12th of said May with force and arms and without any legal right sold the Execution on said Judgment
as his own proper estate and converted the consideration thereof to his own use, to the evil example of 
all others in like case to offend and against the peace and dignity of the state. Judson, Atto.

July 1790 - State vs. Bernard Kyle  William Smith & Robert Wilson, Wits.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the state & county on oath present that Bernard 
Kyle late of said county on the 16th day of July 1790 at said county with force and arms did write an 
order directed to William Roberson payable to him the said Bernard and signed said order by writing the 
name of Isaac Yates and presented the same to William Roberson for payment, all without the order authority 
or consent of said Isaac, which is a high misdemeanor and contrary to law and against the peace and dignity 
of the state. Judson, Attorney.

October 1790 - Daniel McDaniel TVA William Parmer, Pros. James Story, Henry Powell and Jos. Tarbutton, Wits.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the State & County on 
oath present that Daniel McDaniel on the 25th day of August 1790 at said county with force and arms did 
take and carry away one certain black mare the proper goods and chattels of William Parmer without leave 
or license from said Parmer to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of the State.

October 1790 - State vs. Wm. Hunter, Jr.  Shadrack Bright, Pros. John Sneed, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the State & County on 
oath present that William Hunter, Jr. late of said County on the 20th day of July 1790 at said County 
with force and arms an assault did make on the body of Shadrack Bright and him did beat to his great 
damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. John Cole, Foreman. D. Judson, Atto.
Whereas complaint has been made to me on the oath of Shadrack Bright, that William Hunter, Jr. of the 
said County did on Saturday the 24th of this instant July, near Hitchcock Creek in the said County beat 
and bruise him with a hickory switch on his back and shoulders and one stroke on the face on his right 
cheek. The said Shadrack Bright being a minor and a transient person has entered into Recognizance 
himself in twenty pounds, conditioned that the said Bright shall prosecute the said Wm. Hunter, Jr. 
at the next Court to be held in and for the said County. These are therefore in the name of the State 
to require and command you to apprehend the said Wm. Hunter, Jr., and bring him before some Justice of 
the Peace in the said County to answer the said complaint and give securities for his appearance at the 
next Court for and in this County to answer to an Indictment to be preferred against him for the said 
battery that in the mean time to keep the peace towards the said Shadrack Bright. Given under my hand 
& seal the 30th day of July 1790. Henry Wm. Harrington. Summon Captain John Snead in behalf of the State. 
To any lawful officer in County.

October 1790 -  State vs. John Campbell. Jno McAllister, Pros. Wm. McPherson, Wit. A True Bill. John Cole, 
Foreman
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the state & county on oath 
present that John Campbell late of said county on the 7th day of August one thousand seven hundred and 
ninety at said county with force and arms did aid and assist in rescuing and setting at liberty Archibald 
McCrimmen from the legal custody of James Allen, then a legal constable for said county, to his the said 
James' great damage and against the peace & dignity of the state. D. Judson, Att.

October 1790 -  State vs. Neil McInnes Jno McAllister, Pros. Wm. McPherson, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the State & County on 
oath present that Neil McInnes late of said county on the 7th day of August one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety James Allen was a legal constable for said County and by virtue of said office had in his 
custody by order of John McAllister, Esq., Justice of Peace for said County, Archibald McCrimmen a 
breach of the peace, whereupon Neil McInnes late of said County with force and arms at said County 
did rescue and take by violence the body of said McCrimmen and set the same at liberty in open defiance 
of law and against the peace and dignity of the State. D. Judson, Atty.

October 1790 -  State vs. Malcom McInnes Jno  McAllister, Pros. Wm. McPherson
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the State & County on 
oath present that Malcom McInnes late of said county on the 7th day of August one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety James Allen was a legal constable for said County and by virtue of said office had in his 
custody by order of John McAllister, Esq., Justice of Peace for said County, Archibald McCrimmen a breach 
of the peace, whereupon Malcom McInnes late of said County with force and arms at said County did rescue 
and take by violence the body of said McCrimmen and set the same at liberty in open defiance of law and 
against the peace and dignity of the State. D. Judson, Atty.

October 1790 -  State vs. Daniel McInnes Jno  McAllister, Pros. Wm. McPherson
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the State & County on oath 
present that Daniel McInnes late of said county on the 7th day of August one thousand seven hundred and 
ninety at said county with force and arms did rescue and set at liberty Archibald McCrimmen from the legal 
custody of James Allen, than a legal constable for said county contrary to law and against the peace and 
dignity of the state. D. Judson, Atty.

October 1790 -  State vs. Duncan McQuaig. Jno McAllister, Pros. Wm. McPherson, Wit. A True Bill. John Cole, 
Foreman
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1790. The Jurors for the state & county on oath 
present that Duncan McQuaig late of said county on the 7th day of August one thousand seven hundred and 
ninety at said county with force and arms did aid and assist in rescuing and setting at liberty Archibald 
McCrimmen from the legal custody of James Allen, then a legal constable for said county, to his the said 
James' great damage and against the peace & dignity of the state. D. Judson, Att.

Duncan McQuage appeared before me Wm. Robinson a Justice of the Peace for said County & acknowledged 
himself indebted in the sum of £50. John Morrison, Security in the sum of £50 acknowledged before me 
for their appearance at this term, and not depart the same without leave of said County then the above 
to be void. Jan. 1791.

April 1791 - John Johnson AB  Pros Wit, Henry Adcock
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that John 
Johnson late of said county on the 12th day of April in the year of our Lord 1791 at said county with 
force and arms an assault did make on the body of Henry Adcock and him did beat and wound to his great 
damage and against the peace and dignity of the state. D. Judson Atto.

March 1791 - State vs. Effie McLoud
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. March 11, 1791. This day Archibald Smith complained to me 
James Cole, one of the justices of said county that Effy McLoud pushed herself and goods into the house 
of the said Smith by force and there continues to hold possession by the force of arms. These are in the
name of the state to command you to take the body of the said Effy McLoud if to be found in your county 
and her safely keep until you have her before me or some justice of the peace of said court there to be 
dealt with accordingly as the law directs. Given under my hand and seal James Cole. Summons Effie McDirmid 
and James Allen

April 1791 - Henry Adcock  AB  Pros Wit, John Johnson
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that Henry 
Adcock  late of said county on the 12th day of April in the year of our Lord 1791 at said county with force 
and arms an assault did make on the body of John Johnson and him did beat and wound to his great damage 
and against the peace and dignity of the state. D. Judson Atto.

October 1791 -  State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Catron Beaton came before me one of 
the justices of the peace for said county and made oath that she is in fear of her life or of some bodily 
hurt to be done by Peter Beaton her husband. Also complains that he hath beaten her contrary to law. These 
are in the name of the state you are commanded to take the body of the said Peter Beaton and bring him 
before me or some other justice of the peace for said county to be dealt with as the law directs. Given 
from under my hand this 10th day of October 1791. Tillotson OBryen. To any lawful officer to execute and 
return.

October 1791 -  James Terry vs. Wm. Husband
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas complaint being made to me John Bownd Justice assigned 
to keep the peace of said county aforesaid a certain William Husband Jun. (son of John Husband of the 
town of Rockingham) did an assault make on William Terry (son of James Terry of Rockingham town), who 
was an infant of the age of thirteen years in the peace of God and the State, and him the said William 
Terry did beat wound and evil treat to the great damage of him the said William Terry as well as James 
Terry his father, and against the peace and dignity of the State. Therefore, I command you to take the 
body of William Husband and bring him before me or some other justice of said county to be dealt with as 
the law directs. This is your warrant, given under hand and seal this 3rd October 1791  J. Bownd Summons 
James Bound and Lovick  Stealy, Witnesses.

October 1791 - State vs. Phil James AB Thos. Gibson. James Bound, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that Phil 
James, Sr.  late of said county on the 18th day of August in the year of our Lord 1791 at said county 
did make on the body of Thomas Gibson and him did beat and wound to his great damage and against the 
peace and dignity of the state. D. Judson Atto.

October 1791 - State vs. Dugald Blue AB John McFarland Anguish McMillon, Neil McClarens, Wits
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that 
Dugald Blue  late of said county on the 28th day of July in the year of our Lord 1791 at said county 
did make on the body of John McFarland and him did beat and wound to his great damage and against the 
peace and dignity of the state. D. Judson Atto.

October 1791 - State vs. Zachariah Lewis
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that 
Zachariah Lewis late of said county on the 10th day of April 1790 at said county with force and arms 
one certain red coloured sow of the value of six pence of the proper goods and chattels of Archibald 
McLoud did feloniously take, steal and carry away to the said McLoud's great damage, to the evil example 
of all others in like case to offend and against the peace and dignity of the state.  D. Judson.

October 1791 - State vs. Samuel Sprawls Assault. Henry Reynolds, Pros. Needham Skipper, Wit. James Story, 
Wit. Wm. Haley, Foreman
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that Samuel Sprawls 
late of said county on the 14th day of July 1792 at said County with force and arms an assault did upon 
the body of a certain Henry Reynolds an assault make and did him the said Henry beat wound and evil treat 
to the great damage of the said Henry and against the peace and dignity of the State. J. Willis.

July 1792 - State vs. Peter Cole. Assault on Lydia Bond.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that Peter Cole late 
of said county on the 16th day of May 1792 at said County with force and arms an assault did make on the 
body of Lydia Bond and her did abuse insult and treat in an indecent manner to her great damage and against 
the peace and dignity of the State. D. Judson Atto

July 1792 - State vs. Alexander Bass & Linsy Hair
North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of Richmond County, greeting. You are hereby commanded 
to take the bodies of Alexander Bass and Linsy Hair if to be found in your Bailiwick and them safely keep 
so that you have them before some Justice of the Peace for said county to enter into recognizance with 
condition to appear before us or our successors, on the 2nd Monday in October next, then and there to 
answer unto the State of a plea of their living in adultery. Herein fail not and have you then and there 
this writ witness William Love, Clerk of our said Court at office the 2nd Monday in July in the XVII 
year of American Independence, Anno Dom 1792. Wm. Love, Clerk   Not found in this County. John Cole

July 1792 - State vs. Alexander Bass & Linsy Hair
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State and County on oath present that Alexander Bass 
and Linsy Hair both late of said county on the 10th day of May one thousand seven hundred and ninety two 
and divers other times between the said 10th of May and 1st day of July 1792 did commit adultery, and 
still continue to live in a state of open adultery in said county with force and arms which a disturbance 
of the good order of society a breach of the peace and a common nuisance to the land, to the great damage 
of the public and against the peace and dignity of the State. D. Judson, Attorney.

July 1792 - State vs. Wm. Robeson  Daniel Curry, Pros. North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for 
the State and County on oath present that William Robeson, Esq. late of said county on the 12th day of 
July 1792 at said county with force and arms an assault did make on the body of Daniel Curry, and him 
did threaten, abuse and insult to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. D. 
Judson, Attorney.

October 1792 - State vs. James Watson, Prosecutor of Duncan McMillon Pet Lar.
Witness for Duncan McMillon were Isabele McMillon, Barbery McMillon, Nevin McMillon, John McMillon and 
Anguish McMillon. Each were paid £1.6.0

January 1793 - State vs. William. Husband  Ailse Bond, Pros. 
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. January Term 1793. The Grand Jury for the county aforesaid 
upon their oath present & say that William Husband, Constable, did on the 20th day of July 1791 in 
the county aforesaid, then and there being, did as constable aforesaid, take and receive from a certain 
Ailse Bond, amount for the sum of 13.4 against a certain Wm. Loyd, to collect and remit to her the said 
Ailse, that on the time aforesaid of the county aforesaid him the said William did also receive from her 
the said Ailse on note of hand for the sum of five pounds ten shillings, signed by Malcom McQuaig, which 
sum was to be collected and remitted as aforesaid, that him the said William did collect the said monies 
and the same did appropriate to his own use and is now unjustly detained from her the said Ailse contrary 
to the laws, in abuse of his said office as constable aforesaid, to the great damage of her the said Ailse, 
and against the peace and dignity of the State. J. Willis. Lydia Bond, Phillip James, Wits.

January 1793 - State vs. Thomas Doherty  AB William Hunter, Pros. Archibald Strickland, Wit.
North Carolina, Richmond County. January Term 1793. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present 
and say that Thomas Doherty (physician), late of said county did on the 5th day of September 1792 in 
the county aforesaid then and there being an assault did make on the body of a certain Wm. Hunter and 
did beat, wound and evil treat him the said William to his great damage, and against the peace of the 
State. J. Willis, Att.

January 1793 - State vs. Thomas Doherty  AB Samuel Sprawles, Pros. Benjamin. Long, Wit.
North Carolina, Richmond County. January Term 1793. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present 
and say that Thomas Doherty, planter, late of said county did on the …day of July 1792 in the county 
aforesaid on the body of one Samuel Sprawles then and there being, an assault make and did further beat, 
wound and evil treat him the said Samuel, to his great damage, and against the peace of the State. J. 
Willis, Att.

January 1793 - State vs. John McLennon  Lar.  John Bennet, Pros. Thos. Bennet, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the county aforesaid on their oath present and 
say that John McLennon in the county aforesaid on the 6th day of March 1793 with force and arms then and 
there being did feloniously take, steal and carry a certain quantity of Indian corn, to the value of six 
pence of the goods and chattels of John Bennett to the great damage of him the said John, and against 
the peace of said State. James Cole, Foreman  J. Willis Atto for State.

January 1793 - State vs. James Hunter  John Smith, Pros. David Wadkins, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
James Hunter, Planter, late of said county on the 16th of this Instant in the county of Richmond with 
force and arms make an assault upon the body of John Smith and did beat, wound and ill treat him so that 
his life was greatly despaired of to the evil example of all others in the like case offending and against 
the peace and dignity of said State.  J. Willis

January 1793 - State vs. William Skipper, John Skipper and Solomon Quick
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This day George Cole complains to me on oath that on or near 
November last he lost a certain boar hog which he has cause to believe and doth believe that John Skipper, 
William Skipper and Solomon Quick in partnership stole the said hog and also says that he also that he 
believes he can make appear by good witness that the said John Skipper, Wm. Skipper and Solomon Quick 
has unlawfully taken hogs from other people. These are therefore to command you to take the bodys of 
the above John Skipper, Wm. Skipper, Solomon Quick and have them or any one of them before some justice 
for the said county to be dealt with as the law directs. Given under my hand this 3rd day of January 1793. 
D. Henagan. Summon Needam Skipper, Patience Rye, John Rye, John Wallis and Rachel Wallace, Witnesses for 
the State. 

January 1793 - The Deposition of Rachel Wallace. 
Rachel Wallace being duly sworn declares that about three or four weeks ago she went with her brother 
Needham Skipper to her father Barnaby Skipper's corn crib and saw the head of a hog, that the said head 
was marked with a hole in each ear and that she thinks the ears were fresh marked by the shapes. Soon 
after this William Skipper came who was mad and broke out in a passion and said damn or curse the fool 
who put the head there and said he did not put it there, that she heard her brother Needham then say, 
that was the head which Solomon and John said they had eat, by which this deponent thinks the said 
Needham intended to signify Solomon Quick & John Skipper. Sworn the 7th day of January 1793 before Henry 
Wm. Harrington.

April 1793 - State vs. Barn Skipper AB Peter Cole, Pros.
North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1793. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present 
and say that Barnaby Skipper of the county aforesaid on the 20th day of February then and there being, 
with force and arms an assault did make on the body of Peter Cole and him the said Peter did beat wound 
and evil treat to the great damage of him the said Peter, and against the peace of the State.  John Cole, 
Foreman. Willis.

April 1793 - State vs. Silas Skipper
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the county aforesaid on their oaths present 
and say that Silas Skipper on the 20th day of February 1793 in the county aforesaid then and there being 
an assault did make and did beat wound and evil treat Peter Cole, Constable, to the great damage of said 
Peter and against the peace of the State. J. Willis.

April 1793 - State vs. John Skipper
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the county aforesaid on their oaths present 
and say that Silas Skipper on the 20th day of February 1793 in the county aforesaid then and there 
being an assault did make and did beat wound and evil treat Peter Cole, Constable, to the great damage 
of said Peter and against the peace of the State. J. Willis.

April 1793 - State vs. Needham Skipper  Peter Cole, Pros.
Richmond County April Term 1793. The Jurors for the county aforesaid on their oaths present and say that 
Needham Skipper late of said county on the 20th day of February, 1793 then and there being, with force 
and arms did take away from Peter Cole one horse, on which the said Peter had taken by execution in the 
county afore-said and contempt of the laws and against the peace of the State. J. Willis.

April 1793 - State vs. James Long, Elias Gardener, Prosecutor.
Richmond County, April Term 1793. The Jurors for the county aforesaid on their oaths present and say 
that James Long late of said county, Constable on the 2nd day of February 1793, in the county aforesaid 
summoned Elias Gardener to appear before John Bounds, Esquire to answer to a plea of debt that said 
Gardener stood indebted to Finley Campbell, that the said James Long did make application to the said 
Campbell to purchase his demand or note on said Gardener, that having obtained the same, did through 
art, fraud and with intention to oppress and injure the said Gardener, negate said note to Phillip 
James, and then obtained a warrant for said Gardener, to which warrant in order further to prosecute 
oppress and injure said Gardener, he the said Long did summon six witnesses to raise his fees or 
prerequisites as constable, being a high misdemeanor in office to the great damage of him the said 
Gardener to the evil example of others, and against the peace of the State. J. Willis.

July 1793 - State vs. Alse Bond
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of Anson County, Greeting. You are hereby 
commanded to make known before good and lawful men of your bailiwick unto Alse Bond that she make 
her personal appearance before the justices of the county court of pleas and quarters sessions begun 
and held for the County aforesaid at the court house in Rockingham on the 2nd Mondy in October then 
and there to shew cause if any you have why her Recognizance should not be forfeited then and there 
the said Alse Bond being bound to prosecute William Husband and failed when called. Herein fail not 
and have then and there this writ together with the names of those persons in whose presents the same 
was made known. Witness James Terry, Clerk of said court at office the 2nd Monday July and in XVIII 
year of the Independence of America Anno Domi. 1793.

July 1793 - State vs. Nancy Leaton. Suphoneas for Thomas Gibson, Nancy Crawford, wife of William Crawford. 
(Wm. Crawford promises to procure the witness.) James Terry, Clk. James Coleman, Esq., Eliza Coleman, 
Andrew Bell, Tillotson Obrien, Zach. Bell, & Jane Bell Witnesses.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County The Jurors for the county aforesaid on their oaths present and 
say that Nancy Leaton on the 5th day of July 1793 then and there being one pair of stockings the property 
of James Coleman, Esquire, did feloniously steal, take and carry away to the damage of him the said James 
Coleman to the evil example of others in like manner offending and against the peace and dignity of the 
state. J. Willis.

August 1793 - State vs. Eleck McCrea  Stephen Williams, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This day appeared Stephen Williams before me Nathaniel Chaires 
one of the justices appointed to keep the peace in said county, and made oath on the Holy Evangelist of 
Almighty God that on Saturday the third day of this present month Eleck McCrea did then and there beat 
him the said Williams to his great damage and contrary to the peace and dignity of the State. These are 
therefore in the name of the State to command you to take the said Eleck McCrae and cause him to appear 
before some justice of the peace for the said county the he may be dealt with as the law directs and 
this shall be your summons hereto given from under my hand and seal this 5th day of August 1793. 
Nathaniel Chaires. To any lawful officer to execute and return. Summons for the plaintiff, Joseph 
Tarbutton. Summons for the defendant Richard Addams and Patsy Mathis.

Richmond County. Alexander McRae came before me and acknowledged himself indebted to the state in the 
sum of £25 and Daniel McCall and Paul McCall acknowledged themselves indebted in the sum of £12.10 each 
to be void on condition the said Alexander McRae make his personal appearance before the justices of the 
peace at the next court to be held for the said county of Richmond to answer such matters and thing as 
shall be obtained against him and that he do not depart without leave of the court. Sep 31, 1793. 
Acknowledged before me Jos. Hines. Stephen Williams bound in Recognizance of £10 to prosecute Alexander 
McCray for assaulting him. Acknowledged before me. Jos. Hines.

October 1793 - State vs. Darby Powers  AB  Samuel Thomas, Pros.
Richmond County April Term 1793, Inferior Court of Law. The Jurors for the state upon their oaths 
present that Darby Powers late of said county on the 5th day of October, 1793 with force and arms 
at the county of Richmond, an assault did make on the body of Samuel Thomas then and there being, 
and him the said Samuel did beat, wound, evil treat to his damage and against the peace and dignity 
of the state. Wm. Cupples, Atto for State Pro Tem.  John Mask, Foreman.

October 1793 - State vs. James Duncan AB Moses Overstreet, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say 
that James Duncan late of the county aforesaid, labourer, on the 10th day of September 1793 in 
the county aforesaid with force and arms in and upon the body of a certain Moses Overstreet, an 
assault did make and him the said Moses did beat, wound and ill treat to the great damage of said 
Slaughter, and against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. Cupples, Att for Cty, Pro Tem. John 
Mask, Foreman.

October 1793 - State vs. John Johnston & John Long. Affray. Duncan Graham, Pros.
North Carolina, Richmond County. October Session 1793. The Jurors for the State upon their oath 
present that John Johnston and John Long, both of Richmond County, labourers, at the county of 
Richmond on the 14th day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety 
three with force and arms an affray did make to the great terror of the good people of the State 
to the evil example of all others in such case offending and against the peace and dignity of the 
State. Wm. Cupples, Atto for State.

February 1794 - State vs. Cherry & Tempy Chavias Lar. Sarah Crowson, Pros. James Long, Wit. John 
Wall, Foreman  
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say 
that on the 29th of February 1794 Cherry Chavis  and Tempy Chavis of the county aforesaid then and 
there being with force and arms did feloniously steal, take and carry away certain bills of paper 
monies and specie to the value of six pence of the goods and chattels of Sarah Crowson to the great 
injury of her the said Sarah, and against the peace and dignity of the State. J. Willis, Atto

May 1794 - State vs. Rachael Chavis. Lar. Henry Covington, Pros. Cherry Chavis, John Chavis, Tempy 
Chavis, Witnesses.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas Henry Covington hath made oath that on the fourth 
day of May he missed from out of his desk a small toothed comb which he suspected to have been 
feloniously taken there from the day before by the hands of a certain Rachael Chavis. You are 
therefore required to take the body of the said Rachael Chavis and have her before some justice 
of the peace for this county to be dealt with according to law, and this shall be your Warrant, 
given under my hand and seal this 27th day of May 1794. Thos. Dockery, J. P. To Wm. Hunter, Constable, 
Summon John, Cherry &, Tempey Chavis. Summon Henry Covington in behalf of the State and Elsbeth Covington.  

State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
on the 4th day of May 1794 in the county aforesaid then and there being, Rachel Chavis, with force and 
arms did feloniously steal, take and carry away one comb of the goods and chattels of Henry Covington 
to the value of six pence to the injury7 of him the said Henry, to the evil example of others in like 
manner offending and against the peace of the State. Micajah Ganey, Foreman. J. Willis Atto.

July 1794 - State vs. Lenna Hair
State of North Carolina. To the Sheriff of Richmond County, greeting. You are hereby commanded to take 
to body of Lenna Hair if to be found in your bailiwick and her safely keep so you have her before one 
of the justices of said county then and there to enter into recognizance with condition to appear before 
the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county of Richmond at 
the court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday of October next, then and there to answer 
unto the State for lewdness wherein she was presented by the Grand Jury herein fail not and have you this 
writ. Witness, James Terry, Clerk of our said court at Rockingham the second Monday of July 1794. 
Test: Tod Robinson, DC for J. Terrk Clk.

July 1794 - State vs. Joseph Ivey 
State of North Carolina. To the Sheriff of Richmond County, greeting. You are hereby commanded to take 
to body of Joseph Ivey if to be found in your bailiwick and him safely keep so you have him before one 
of the justices of said county then and there to enter into recognizance with condition to appear before 
the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county of Richmond at 
the court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday of October next, then and there to answer 
unto the State for lewdness wherein she was presented by the Grand Jury herein fail not and have you 
this writ. Witness, James Terry, Clerk of our said court at Rockingham the second Monday of July 1794. 
Test: Tod Robinson, DC for J. Terrk Clk.

July 1794 - State vs. Martha Grant 
State of North Carolina. To the Sheriff of Richmond County, greeting. You are hereby commanded to take 
to body of Martha Grant if to be found in your bailiwick and her safely keep so you have her before one 
of the justices of said county then and there to enter into recognizance with condition to appear before 
the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county of Richmond at 
the court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday of October next, then and there to answer 
unto the State for lewdness wherein she was presented by the Grand Jury herein fail not and have you 
this writ. Witness, James Terry, Clerk of our said court at Rockingham the second Monday of July 1794. 
Test: Tod Robinson, DC for J. Terrk Clk.

September 1794 - State vs. Thomas Stanback  John Benbrook, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Thomas Stanback, late of the county of Richmond, labourer, on the 25th day of September in the year 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety four, in the county aforesaid, in and upon one John 
Benbrook then and there being in the peace of the State, with force and arms as assault did make, and 
him the said John Benbrook, then and there did ill treat, to the great damage and hurt of him the said 
John Benbrook and against the peace and dignity of the State. Wm. Blackwell, Witness.

October 1794 - State vs. John Brooks  Assault. Thomas Stanback,  Pros. Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oaths present and say that 
John Brooks  of the county of Richmond, labourer, on the 25th day of September, in the year of our Lord 
1794 with force and arms in the county aforesaid, in and upon the body of a certain Thomas Stanback, 
then and there being in the peace, an assault did make, and other enormities, then and there did to 
the evil example of all others in like case offending and against the peace and dignity of the State. 
Francis Locke, Atto for State.

October 1794 - State vs. Alexander Bass 
State of North Carolina. To the Sheriff of Richmond County, greeting. You are hereby commanded to 
take to body of Alexander Bass if to be found in your bailiwick and him safely keep so you have him 
before one of the justices of said county then and there to enter into recognizance with condition to 
appear before the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county 
of Richmond at the court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday of October next, then 
and there to answer unto the State for lewdness wherein she was presented by the Grand Jury herein 
fail not and have you this writ. Witness, James Terry, Clerk of our said court at Rockingham the 
second Monday of July 1794. Test: Tod Robinson, DC for J. Terrk Clk.

November 1794 - State vs. John Clark
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, complaint has been made to me John Bownds, Esq., 
one of the justices of the peace for the county aforesaid upon the oath of Walter Slaughter of the 
county aforesaid, planter, that John Clark  of the county aforesaid, Planter, did on the 26th day 
of November violently assault and beat the said Slaughter at John Bound's in Rockingham in the 
county aforesaid. These therefore in the name of the State to require and command you to apprehend 
you the said Clark and bring him before me or some other justice of this county to answer the said 
complaint and be further dealt with according to law. Given under my had and seal this 26th day of 
November 1794. Bownds. 

January 1795 - State  vs. Joseph & James Morehead
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oaths present and say 
that Joseph Morehead, Sen., and James Morehead, late of the county aforesaid, labourers, on the 
10th day of December in the year of our Lord 1793, with force and arms in the county aforesaid, 
not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved & seduced by the instigation of the 
Devil, one female hog common-ly called a sow and one cut hog, in common language a barrow, each of 
the value of six pence of the proper goods and chattels of Thomas Blewit, feloniously did steal, 
take and carry away against the peace and dignity of the State. James Terry, Chas. Blewit, Eli Blewit, 
Uriah Stone, Witnesses. for the State. D. P. McRea

January 1795 - State  vs. John Clark AB  Walter Slaughter, Prosecutor
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
John Clark late of the county aforesaid, planter, on the 26th day of November 1794 in the county 
aforesaid with force and arms in and upon the body of Walter Slaughter, then and there being in 
the peace of said State an assault did make and him the said Slaughter did beat, wound and ill 
treat to the great damage of said Slaughter, and against the peace and dignity of the State. 
Joseph Smith, Witness

January 1795 - State  vs. William McDonald  John Brooks, Pros. Thomas Robinson & Moses Chambers  
Witnesses. At True Bill. 
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say 
that William McDonald, late of the county aforesaid on the 10th day of December 1794 with force 
and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of one Thomas Robinson then and there being 
in the peace of said State an assault did make and him did beat and ill treat to his great damage 
and against the peace and dignity of the State. James Bostick, Foreman

February  1795 - Thomas Williams vs. Samuel Cope
Whereas Thomas Plumer Williams, planter, of this county hath made oath before me Thomas Dockery a 
justice of the peace for this county that in the night before the 25th of this instant he lost 
property by fire and that he suspects some depraved person to be the cause thereof, and likewise 
that he is afraid of his life or some bodily hurt to be done to him by Samuel Cope, blacksmith, and 
hath therefore prayed the security of the peace against him. These are therefore to command you in 
the name of the State to cause the said Samuel Cope to come before some Justice of the peace for 
said county to find sufficient security for his good behaviour, and this shall be your warrant given 
under my hand & seal this 27th day of February 1795. Thos. Dockery. Summons Nathaniel Harrington, 
Jun., John McDowell in behalf of the State.

State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff or keeper of the common gaol of said county. 
I herewith send you the body of Samuel Cope , blacksmith, taken up on my warrant and brought before me 
accused of destroying the property of Thomas Plumer Williams, and threatening to have revenge on him 
by killing or other-wise and being charged with the latter and he refusing to give security for his 
appearance at the next court to be held for this county and for his good behaviour in the meantime. 
These are therefore in the name of the State to command you to receive the said Samuel Cope into your 
custody and him safe keep in the said gaol until he shall give security, that is to say for himself 
fifty pounds and for each of his security twenty five pounds for his appearance and good behaviour, 
or until he shall from thence be discharged by due course of law. Given under my hand and seal this 
28th day of February 1795. Tho Dockery.

April 1795 - State vs. Duncan McFarland AB Anguish Campbell, Pros. George Bounds, Wit. Tod Robinson, 
Deputy. A True Bill. Wm. Jernigan, Foreman.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present and say 
that Duncan McFarlane of the county aforesaid, planter, on the 15th day of April in the year of our 
Lord 1795, with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of one Anguish Campbell 
then and there being in the peace of said Stat an assault did make, and hid did beat, wound and ill 
treat against the peace and dignity of the State.  Sworn and sent to Grand Jury by Tod Robinson.

April 1795 - State vs. Anguish Campbell AB, Duncan McFarlane, Pros. A True Bill. Wm. Jernigan, Foreman.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present and say that 
Anguish Campbell of the county aforesaid, on the 15th day April in the year of our Lord 1795, with force 
and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of one Duncan McFarland then and there being in 
the peace of said Stat an assault did make, and hid did beat, wound and ill treat against the peace 
and dignity of the State. Tod Robinson, Deputy

April 1795 - State vs. Samuel Everett
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. James Long came before me one John Bownd one of the Justices 
of said county and made oath that he has just cause to believe that a certain Samuel Everett late of 
the county aforesaid, did on the #&133;day of April 1795 steal and carry away a certain wagon that was 
attached by James Long at the Suit of William & Toddy Robinson from the house of Benjamin Everett 
which was contrary to the laws of the State. You are hereby commanded to take the body of Samuel 
Everett and bring if to be found in your county and bring him before some justice of said county as 
he may be dealt with as the law directs in such case made and provided. Given from under my hand and 
seal this 23rd day of April 1795. Jno Bownd. To any lawful officer to execute.

April 1795 - Presentment against McFarlen & Chambers
April 15, 1795. We the Grand Jurors present Duncan McFarlen and Moses Chambers for assaulting each other 
and breaking the peace in the presence of the Grand Jury. Wm. Jernigan, Foreman. John Buie, William 
Williams informers.

April 1795 - State vs. Elisha Collins AB James Stewart, Pros. Isam Henry, Alexander McCray, Witnesses
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present and say 
that Elisha Collins late of the county of Richmond on the 31st day of January in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and ninety five with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the 
body of one James Stewart then and there being in the peace of said State an assault did make and him 
did beat, wound and ill treat against the peace and dignity of the State. DOM Att.

July 1795 - State vs. George Webb & William Webb. AB Murdock McRae, Pros. Alexander McRae and Isham 
Henry, Wits.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present and say 
that George Webb & William Webb late of the county of Richmond, on the 4th day of July in the year 
of our Lord 1795 in the county aforesaid, in and upon Murdock McRae, Esq., then and there being 
in the execution of his office as a justice of the peace, an assault did make and him did beat 
wound and ill treat to his great damage, and against the peace and dignity of the State.  D. P. McRae, Atto

July 1795 - State vs. Henry Webb & James Newberry. Affray. Murdock McRae, Esq. Pros., Alexander 
McRae and Isham Henry, Witnesses. 
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oaths present and 
say that Henry Webb, Constable, and James Newberry both of the county of Richmond on the 4th day 
of July in the year of our Lord 1795, in the county aforesaid with force and arms being arrayed 
and unlawfully assembled together in a warlike manner did make an affray to the terror of divers 
of the good people of this State, then and there being and against the peace and dignity of the 
State. Dan. P. McRee, Atto  James Bostick, Foreman.

August 1795 - State vs. William Webb
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oaths present and 
say that William Webb and William Crowson bothe of the county and state aforesaid are bound unto 
Richard Dobbs Spaight, Esquire, Governor in the just and full sum of fifty pounds specie the same 
to be void on condition that the above Wm. Webb doth make his personal appearance before the justices 
of the county court of pleas and quarter sessions held for the county aforesaid. Signed, sealed and 
delivered this 25th August 1795 in the presence of witness John Crowson. Executed by Lauchlin McKinnon, 
D. Shff.

September 1795 - State vs. Nathaniel Bostick
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Squire Robinson hath made oath before me Joseph 
Hines one of the Justices of the Peace for the County aforesaid that he is afraid that Nathaniel 
Bostick will beat, maim, wound or kill him, or burn his house, and hath therefore prayed security 
of the peace against him. These are there-fore in the name of the State to command you to cause the 
said Nathaniel Bostick to come before me or some other justice of the peace for said county to find 
sufficient security for his personal appearance at the next court to be held for the county, then and 
there to abide by and perform what shall be enjoined him by the said court as also in the meantime to 
keep the peace toward all the good people of this State, but more especially towards the said Squire 
Robinson. And if the said Bostick shall refuse or neglect so to do, that you convey him to the sheriff 
or keeper of the gaol and deliver him safely to some justice there of and you the said sheriff or keeper 
thereof are hereby commanded to receive the said Bostick into your custody and him safely to keep in 
the common gaol until he shall find security as aforesaid or until he shall be otherwise discharged by 
due course of law, given under my hand and seal the 26th day of September 1795 Joseph Hines. Jas Smith, 
To any constable to execute and return.

October 1795 - State vs. Henry Webb & Peter Bennett
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This day came Francis Boyd before me James Smith one of the 
Justices of the State and made oath that she has lost a sextant  for which she has just cause to believe 
that Henry Webb & Peter Benett did steal and make use of, contrary to the peace and dignity of the State.
These are therefore to command you to take the bodies of Henry Webb & Peter Bennett and bring them before 
me or some other Justice of the Peace as the law directs. Issued under my had and seal this October 10th 
day  1795. James Smith . To any lawful officer to execute and return. Summons for the State. Frankey Boyd, 
John Jenkins, Thomas. Carlisle, and James Smith. Summons for the defendant John Jenkins & William Jenkins, 
Donald McDonald, William Webb and Nathan Powel.

January 1796 - State vs. Duncan Buckhannan  AB Hugh McLaren, Pros. Wit.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present that Duncan Buckhannan, 
laborer, of the county of Richmond aforesaid, on the 22nd day of August in the year of our Lord 1795 
with force and arms in the county afore-said in and upon the body of Hugh McLaren  then and there being 
in the peace, an assault did make and him the said Hugh did beat wound and ill treat, to the great damage 
of him the said Hugh and against the peace and dignity of the State. John Cole, Foreman. Francis Locke, 
Atto, Pro Tem. 

January 1796 - State vs. Randle Henderson Pet. Lar. John Wilks, Pros., Abraham Strickland, Samuel G. 
Mask and Eason Franklin, Witnesses.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oath present that Randle Henderson, 
late of the county of Richmond, laborer, on the 15th day of November in the year of our Lord 1795 with 
force and arms in the county aforesaid, one leather halter of the value of three pence, of the proper 
goods and chattels of John Wilks, then and there being found, did feloniously steal, take and carry away, 
to the evil example of all others in the like case offending, and against the peace and dignity of the 
State. Francis Locke, Atto, Pro. Tem.

April 1796 -  State vs. Martha George
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas upon the examination of Martha George, single woman 
of the county aforesaid this day taken upon oath before us two of the justices of the peace for the said 
county it appears that she has lately been delivered of a male Bastard child which child will or may be 
chargeable to the said county and whereas the said Martha George on her oath hath confessed and declared 
that Henry Stringfellow of the county did beget the said child on her body and hath before so charged 
him with the same. These are therefore in the name of the State to command you to apprehend the said 
Henry Stringfellow and to carry him before two justices of the peace for said county to answer what 
is herein laid to his charge as aforesaid. Given and under our hands and seals the 17th day of April 
1796 Benjamin Powell and James Smith.

The examination of Martha George single woman in Richmond County aforesaid, taken before us two of 
the justices of the peace for said county this 17th day of April 1796, who on her oath saith that 
she was living with and keeping the house of Henry Stringfellow and upon proposal of marriage did 
prevail on her and had carnal knowledge of her body and got her with child of which she has been 
delivered which is a male child and saith that the said Henry Stringfellow of said county is the 
father of said child and that no other man ever had carnal knowledge of her. Martha George (x her 
mark) Benjamin Powell and James Smith.

February 1796 - State vs. Henry Stringfellow.
Know all men by these presents that I, Henry Stringfellow and Isom Henry are held and firmly bound 
unto the justices of Richmond County in the full and just sum of fifty pounds each which payment to 
be made and dun we bind ourselves our heirs and assigns jointly and severally, sealed with out seals 
and dated this 20th day of February 1796. The conditions of the above obligation is such that if the 
above bound Henry Stringfellow shall make his personal appearance at the court house on the 2nd Monday 
in April at the Town of Rockingham in the year of one thousand seven hundred and ninety six then and 
there to stand and abide by what shall be enjoined by the said Court concerning a Bastard born child 
layed to him by Martha George, then the above obligation to be void and of none effect otherwise to 
sand and remain in full force and virtue in law as witness out hands and seals February the 20th day 
1796. James Smith. Signed by Henry Stringfellow and Isom Henry.

April 1796 - State vs. Lauchlin McKinnon   Suine McIntosh, Pros.
North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas Suine McIntosh of the county aforesaid, Planter, has this 
day made oath before me Henry Wm. Harrington one of the justices of the peace in and for the said 
county, that he is afraid that Lauchlin McKinnon of the same county will kill him, or do him some 
bodily hurt, and has therefore prayed security of the peace against him. These are therefore in the 
name of the State to command you to cause the said Lauchlin McKinnon to come before some justice of 
the county to find sufficient security for his personal appearance at the next court to be held for 
this county, then and there to abide and to do what shall be enjoined him by the said Court, as also, 
in the meantime to keep the peace especially towards the said Suine McIntosh. Given under my hand and 
seal the 30th day of April 1796. Henry Wm. Harrington. To any lawful officer of the said county of Richmond 
summons Roger McLeod to appear as a witness in behalf of the State against the said Lauchlin McKinnon

Roger McLeod being duly sworn declares that he heard Lauchlin McKinnon say that if he should hear 
Alexander McIntosh's father say a word he would serve the father as he had served Alex, by which 
this deponent understood Lauchlin McKinnon would in that case strike or beat Suine McIntosh. Sworn 
the 7th May 1796. H. W. Harrington

July 1796 - State vs. John James  Pet. Lar. James Long, Pros. David Watkins, Peter Cole and John Mims, 
Wm. Long. Witnesses.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, James Long made oath before me Robert Webb one of 
the justices of the peace for the county aforesaid that on the 23rd day of December 1795 and sundry 
other times was stolen from him a parcel of corn (the quantity unknown) and he has just reasons to 
suspect John James of said county to be the thief who stole said corn. These are therefore to command 
you to take the said John James and bring him before me or some other justice of said county to be 
further dealt with as the law directs in such case. Given from under my hand and seal this the 6th 
day of February 1796. Robert Webb.

David Watkins being duly sworn declares that early in December last he lived with James Long, that 
on the said James's going about that time to Fayetteville he the said James Long charged this deponent 
to watch the corn that on one night whilst James Long was absent, he this deponent heard a noise at 
the corn crib, then he went out and saw a man, who he took to be John James, Jun. uncovering the corn 
crib, that on the morning on which James Long went for Cross Creek this deponent opened and did put 
about 2 ½ bushel of shelled corn into a barrel in the smokehouse, and that when James Long returned 
home they went to the smoke house when Long asked if anyone had had any corn or if any had been sent 
to mill and on being answered,"No", Long said it had been stolen and in three days after Long told 
this deponent that he suspected John James had stolen the corn. Sworn the 25th February 1796 before 
Henry W. Harrington.

James Long being duly sworn declares that on the 23rd December last and one time before he lost corn 
from his plantation in Richmond County at 2 or 3 different times, he thinks in the total about 5 bushels 
of ears of corn from a rail pen covered and sometime in said December about 2 ½ bushels of shelled corn 
from a barrel in his smokehouse and that he does suspect that John James, Jun. did take and carry away 
the said corn. Sworn the 25th February 1796 before H. W. Harrington.

John Mims being duly sworn declares that sometime before Christmas last, John James, Jun. told him in 
the night that he was going to James Long's for corn for that James Long had cheated him out of some 
hogs, and he was then going to make it up, and actually did get out from his house after dark and 
returned about midnight, when this deponent asked him if he had any corn and was answered, yes, that 
this deponent saw the bag which had about two bushels of ears of corn in it. And that on another night, 
also before Christmas, he saw John James, Jun. bring shelled corn and put it in the big house, and that 
the said John told this deponent that he had been with James Long's wife and got the corn from Long's 
smokehouse. This deponent further says that the said John James, Jun. did the last year make a pretty 
good crop with Mrs. James, his mother. Sworn the 25th February, 1796 before Henry W. Harrington.

August 1796 - State vs. 
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Susannah Gingkins made oath before me Joseph Hines 
one of the justices for said county that she is afraid that Samuel Webb will beat, wound, maim or kill 
her, and hath therefore prayed security of the peace against him. These are therefore in the name of 
the State to command you to cause the said Samuel Webb to come before me or some other justice of the 
peace for this county to find sufficient security for his personal appearance at the next court to be 
held for this county then and there to abide by and perform what shall be enjoined him by the said court 
as also, in the meantime to keep the peace towards the good people of this State, but specially towards 
the said Susannah Ginkins, and if the said Samuel Webb refuses so to do, that you to convey him to the 
gaol aforesaid, and deliver him safely to the keeper there, and you the said keeper are heavily commanded 
to receive the said Samuel Webb into your custody and him safely to keep in the common gaol until he shall 
find such security as aforesaid or until he be otherwise discharged by due course of law. Given under 
my hand and seal this 27th day of August 1796 Joseph Hines. To Isom Henry, Officer.

August 1796 - State vs. Duncan McFarland & Others  Riotous Assembly
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas complaint hath been made to us Edward Williams and 
William Wall two of the justices of the peace for the county aforesaid by James Pickett, Esquire on 
oath that on the 4th day of this Instant August in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety six and in the XXI year of American Independence that Duncan McFarland, Archibald McKay, 
John Campbell, Archibald McInnis, Daniel McInnis, Duncan McCollum, Malcom McInnis, Hugh McInnis  and 
John McNair and divers others as yet unknown with force and arms unlawfully rioutously did assemble 
and gather together in the publick highway on Laurel Hill to disturb the peace of the State and so 
being then and there assembled and gathered together in an upon James Pickett, Esquire, and Toddy 
Robinson in the peace of God and of the State, then and there being unlawfully roughhously did make 
an assault and him the said James Pickett, Esq. then and there unlawfully and rough-hously did beat 
wound and ill treat and other wrongs to the said James Pickett, Esq. and against the peace and dignity 
of the State. You are therefore commanded to take the bodies of the above mentioned persons and bring 
them before us or some other justice as they may answer the above complaint given from under our hands 
and seals Edward Williams and Wm. Wall.  Summons Benjamin Long & Richard Adams in be-half of the State. 
Wits, Neill McNair (Hatter), Neill McNair, Jun. & Duncan McBride

October 1796 - State vs. Duncan McFarland, Archibald McKoy, Daniel McInnis, Archibald McInnis and Hugh 
McInnis, Duncan McCollum Malcom McInnis. AB James Pickett, Pros. Toddy Robison, Witness.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oaths present that Duncan McFarland, 
Archibald McKay, Daniel McInnis, Archibald McInnis and Hugh McInnis, Duncan McCollum, Malcom McInnis, 
all of the county of Richmond aforesaid on the 4th day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and ninety six, with force and arms in the county aforesaid, did riotously and unlawfully 
assemble together, and being so assembled did violently, riotously and unlawfully make an assault on 
the bodies of James Pickett and Toddy Robison, Esqs. and them did beat, wound and ill treat, with sticks, 
clubs and stones to their great damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. John Clark, Foreman

October 1796 - State vs. Duncan McFarlane Jas. Pickett, Pros., Toddy Robison, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oaths present that Duncan 
McFarlane, late of the county of Richmond, yeoman, on the 4th day of August in the year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety six, in the county of Richmond aforesaid, in contempt of legal authority 
and disregarding his duty as a citizen of this State, but wickedly and maliciously intending to promote 
a breach of the public peace did wickedly, willfully and contemptuously neglect and utterly refuse to 
obey the summons and command of James Pickett, Esquire, one of the justices assigned to keep the peace 
in the said county of Richmond, tho' lawfully and loudly required by said Pickett to prevent and suppress 
a violent assault and battery and breach of the peace, then and there committed by one Archibald McInnis 
against the person of the said Pickett, as well as against the peace of the State, all which of the said 
McFarlane is highly injurious to the public tranquility in contempt of lawful authority, and against the 
peace and dignity of the State. David P. McRee, Attorney for State.

October 1796 - State vs. Uriah Stone & Jeremiah Dumas. Assault. William Mondon, Pros. John McDowell, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oaths present and say that 
Uriah Stone & Jeremiah Dumas  late of the county of Richmond, labourers, on the fourth day of September 
in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety six, with force and arms in the county 
aforesaid did violently enter the dwelling house of one William Mondon and then and there an assault 
did make in and upon the body of the said William Mondon and him did beat, wound and ill treat to his 
great damage, to the terror of his family and against the peace and dignity of the State. D. P. McRee, Atto.

October 1796 - State vs. Duncan McClaren
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of said county greeting. You are hereby commanded 
to make known before good lawful men of your bailiwick to Duncan McClaren to make his personal appearance 
before the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county of Richmond 
at the court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday in January next then and there to shew
cause if any he have why he shall not be fined agreeable to Act of Assembly for not attending as a juror 
after having due notice by the sheriff of said county. Witness James Terry, Clk, of our said court at 
office the second Monday of October Anno Dom 1796 in 21st year of the Independency. Tod Robinson, DC J. 
Terry, Clk. Duly notified by Jno Wall, Duncan Cormicle, Witness.

October 1796 - State vs. John Bui
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of said county greeting. You are hereby commanded 
to make known before good lawful men of your bailiwick to John Bui to make his personal appearance before 
the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county of Richmond at the 
court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday in January next then and there to shew cause if 
any he have why he shall not be fined for non attendance as a juror after having due notice by the sheriff 
of said county. Witness James Terry, Clk, of our said court at office the second Monday of October Anno Dom 
1796 in 21st year of the Independency. Tod Robinson, DC J. Terry, Clk. Duly notified by John Wall.

October 1796 - State vs. Daniel McLauchlin. Trespass  John Husband, Pros. Martha Hicks and Malcolm Curry, 
Witnesses
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, John Husband of the same county this day came before me 
John Crowson, one of the justices for said county and said on oath that a certain Daniel McLauchlin  on 
the 4th day of October did with force and arms break open the door of his dwelling house and did beat and 
abuse his wife and daughter to his great damage. This is in the name of the State to cause you to take the 
body of said Daniel McLauchlin and bring him before me or some other justice to be dealt with agreeable to 
law in such cases given under my hand and seal this 10th day of October 1796. Jno Crowson. To Sheriff John 
Cole of the county summons Martha Hicks for plaintiff.

State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State upon their oaths present and say that 
Daniel McLauchlin, late of the County of Richmond, Esquire, on the 4th day of October in the year of our 
Lord 1796, with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the freehold of one John Husband, did 
enter, and then and there with force and violence did break open and beat down the door of the dwelling 
house of the said Husbands and other wrongs to him did, to the great terror of said John Husband's family, 
to his great injury and against the peace and dignity of the State. David P. McRee, Atto.

October 1796 - State vs. John McCall  
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of said county greeting. You are hereby commanded 
to make known before good and lawful men of your bailiwick to John McCall  to make his personal appearance
before the justices of our county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county of Richmond 
at the court house in the town of Rockingham on the second Monday in January next then and there to shew 
cause if any he have why he shall not be fined agreeable to Act of Assembly for his non attendance as a 
juror after having due notice by the sheriff of said county. Witness James Terry, Clk, of our said court 
at office the second Monday of October Anno Dom 1796 in 21st year of the Independency. Tod Robinson, DC 
J. Terry, Clk. Duly notified by Jno Wall.

October 1796 - State vs. Peter Bennet  AB  Samuel Webb, Pros. Wm. Jenkins, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present that Peter 
Bennet of the County of Richmond, on the 24th day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand, 
seven hundred and ninety six with force and arms, in the county aforesaid, in and upon the body of 
one Samuel Webb, an assault did make and him did beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and 
against the peace and dignity of the State.  John Clark, Foreman. Dav. P. McRae, Atto.

October 1796 - State vs. Peter Bennet  
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This day came Samuel Webb before me James Smith a justice 
for the said county and made oath that on the twenty forth day of August Peter Bennet  did assault 
and abuse him contrary to the peace and dignity of the State. These are therefore to command you to 
take the body of the said Bennett and bring him before me or some other justice to be further dealt 
with as the law directs. Given under hand and seal this 30th of November 1796 (signed) James Smith. 
To any lawful officer summons for the State Richard Slaughter and Hugh McCaul.

January 1797 - State vs. Lauchlin McKinnon. AB William Webb, Pros. Turner Webb, Archibald Stricklin 
and Stephen Cole, Witnesses. Tod Robinson, Clk.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present that Lauchlin 
McKinnon late of the County of Richmond, on the 30th day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand, 
seven hundred and ninety six with force and arms, in the county aforesaid, in and upon the body of one 
William Webb, an assault did make and him did beat, wound & ill treat to his great damage & against the 
peace and dignity of the State. Dav. P. McRae, Atto. Hennly Snead, Foreman.
January 1797 - State vs. William Wall. AB Jesse Hayes, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present that William 
Wall late of the County of Richmond, on the 3rd day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand, 
seven hundred and ninety seven with force and arms, in the county aforesaid, in and upon the body of 
one Jesse Hayes, an assault did make and him did beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and 
against the peace and dignity of the State. D. P. McRae, Atto. Hennly Snead, Foreman.

January 1797 - State  vs. Charles Dunahoe
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present that Charles 
Dunahoe is an idle disorderly person having and exercising no visible means of obtaining a livelihood 
and properly coming within the spirit and meaning of the several Acts of Assembly for preventing vice 
& immorality. (signed) Henly Snead Jury Foreman, Wm. Robards, Silvester Chun, Daniel Graham, Francis 
Cole, Wm. Watkins, John Smith, John Bushman, Isaac Yeates, Thomas Stanback, James Hughlett, Suine McIntosh, 
Samuel Watkins, Matthew Woodel, Wm. Pankey, Dunn Rey  and Wm. Snead.

January 1797 - State  vs. Henry Covington
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of said county greeting. You are hereby commanded 
to make known to Henry Covington if to be found in your bailiwick to make his personal appearance at our 
county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held for the county aforesaid at the court house in the 
town of Rockingham on the 2nd Monday in January next, then and there to shew cause if any he have why he 
shall not be fined agreeable to Act of Assembly for not giving his attendance as a juror after having 
dire notice. Witness James Terry, Clk of our said court at office the 2nd Monday in October 1796. Tod 
Robinson, DC. J. Terry, Clk.

April 1797 - State vs. Rice Thomas. Ind't Pet. Lar. Peter Cole, Pros. Moses Night, Abijah Porter and 
Wm. Gin, Witnesses. John Snead Foreman
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Rice Thomas late of Richmond County, yeoman, in the county of Richmond on the 15th day of September in 
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety six with force and arms one steer of the 
proper goods and chattels of Peter Cole of the value of six pence then and there being feloniously did 
steal take and carry away against the peace and dignity of the State. David McCree, County Sol.

April 1797 - State vs. Jonathan Baldwin. Jonathan Wright, Pros. John Jenkins, John Alman and Henry Webb, 
Witnesses. John Snead, Foreman
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Jonathan Baldwin late of Richmond County in the county of Richmond on the 20th day of February in the 
year of our Lord 1797 did sell spirits in smaller quantities than a quart at divers times contrary to 
the act of Assembly in that case made and provided to the injury of the licensed tavern keepers and the 
revenues of the State. David McCree, Solicitor for County. Sworn and sent to Grand Jury. Tod Robinson, 
Deputy Clerk.

July 1797 - State vs. Samuel Wilkinson  Rescue  Lewis Strickling, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Samuel Wilkinson late of the county of Richmond on the 11th day of July in the year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and ninety seven, with force and arms did rescue from the custody of Lewis 
Strickling, a constable of said county the bodies of …. who were legally committed by the authority 
of ….a justice of the peace in said county and other enormities then and there did to the evil example 
of all others in like case offending and against the peace and dignity of the State. D. P McCree, Atto  
John Pemberton, Foreman.

July 1797 - State vs. John Ray
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
John Ray late of said county, labourer, on the 22nd day of April 1797 with force and arms in the county 
aforesaid one spotted red and white cow with her calf, another spotted cow and her calf a white and black 
cow and her calf and several other cattle all of which being goods and chattels of which Angus Brown was 
then and there legally possessed, did take and drive away to the great damage of the said Angus Brown to 
the evil example of all others in the like case offending and against the peace and dignity of said State. 
David P. McCree

July 1797 - State vs. John B. Brooks AB  John Pemberton, Foreman
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
John B. Brooks late of the county aforesaid, labourer, on the 21st day of April in the year of our 
Lord 1797 with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Pleasant Mask an assault 
did make and him beat wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace & dignity of the 
State. D.P. McRee

July 1797 - State vs. Edlin Wiloughbee
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. Whereas, Susanah Smith came before me and made oath that she 
is afraid that Edlin Wiloughbee will do her some bodily hurt and has therefore required sureties of the 
peace against him. Therefore in the name of the State I command you to cause the said Wiloughbee to go 
before some justice of the peace of this county and give securities for his appearance at the next court 
and for his keeping the peace in meantime towards the said Susanah Smith. Given under my hand and seal 
the 31st day of July 1797. Chas. Robinson. To any lawful officer

Be it remembered that on the 7th day of August in year 1797 came before me Peter Ussery a justice of 
said county in person Edlin Willibe and Thomas Jowers who acknowledged themselves indebted to the State 
in the sum of fifty pounds to be levied of their goods and chattels lands and tenements to the use of 
the State if default is made in this Recognizance. Edlin to appear  before a justice of the peace for 
the county court of pleas and quarter sessions to be held at the court house at the town of Rockingham 
on the 1st Monday in October next, not to depart the State without leave and in the meantime be of good 
behavior towards Susannah Smith.  Peter Ussery, JP

October 1797 - State vs. John Watson. Benjamin Long, Pros. Lauchlin McKinnon, Witness. Thomas Moorman, Foreman
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present that John Watson late of 
the county of Richmond, on the 18th day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand, seven hundred 
and ninety seven with force and arms, in the county aforesaid, in and upon the body of one Benjamin Long, 
an assault did make and him did beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and 
dignity of the State. D. P. McRae, Atto. 

October 1797 - State vs. George Carter AB  Daniel McLaughlin. Daniel Sneed, Ed. C. Debrule, Wits. 
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that George 
Carter late of the county aforesaid, labourer, on the 11th  day of October in the year of our Lord 
1797 with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Daniel McLauchlin an assault 
did make and him beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace & dignity of the 
State. D.P. McRee  Thomas Moorman, Foreman

October 1797 - State vs. Joseph Montgomery  AB  Samuel William Crawford, Pros., Eli Spurling, George 
Humphrey and Jno Long, Wits.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Joseph Montgomery late of the county aforesaid, labourer, on the 20th  day of July in the year of our 
Lord 1797 with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Samuel Strother  an 
assault did make and him beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace & dignity 
of the State. D.P. McRee  Thomas Moorman, Foreman. Witnesses January 1798, Britain Capel, Edwin Ingram, 
James Pickett, Duncan McCall Jr., James Capel, Matthew Milsap, Mastin Capel. Lauchlin McKinnon, Sheriff.

December 1797 - State vs. Lovick Stealy & Hezekiah Stealy
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To any lawful officer. This day came before me Samuel Cope 
and made oath that on Monday the 25th day of December Lovick Stealy and Hezekiah Stealy did assault 
him the said Cope by beating of him without any provocation. This is therefore to command you to take 
the bodys of Lovick and Hezekiah as aforesaid and bring them before me or some justice of the peace for 
said county to be dealt with as the law directs. Given under my hand and seal this 25th day of December 
1797. Summons for plaintiff. Jno. Crowson. Denis Obrien, Hector McKinnis and Rachel Cope, Wits.

January 1798 - State vs. Hezekiah Stealy AB Samuel Cope, Pros. Wit. Dennis Obrien, Hector McInnis, 
Rachel Cope.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State & County on oath present that Hezekiah 
Stealy of said county on the 25th day of December 1797 at said County with force and arms an assault 
did upon the body of a certain Samuel Cope then and there being an assault make and him did beat wound 
& evil treat to the great damage of the said Henry and against the peace & dignity of the State. D. P. McRee

January 1798 - State  vs. Malcom Monroe AB  Alexander McCoy, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Malcom Monroe, late of the county aforesaid on the 20th day of November 1797 with force and arms in the 
county aforesaid in and upon the body of one Alexander McCoy then and there being in the peace of said 
State an assault did make and him did beat and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and 
dignity of the State. James Bostick, Foreman D. P. McRae

January 1798 - State  vs. Lovick Stealy  AB  Sam'l Cope, Pros. Wit. Dennis Obrien Hector McInnis and 
Rachel Cope
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that Lovick 
Stealy, late of the county aforesaid on the 25th day of December 1797 with force and arms in the county 
aforesaid in and upon the body of one Samuel Cope then and there being in the peace of said State an 
assault did make and him did beat and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of 
the State. Jesse Bounds, Foreman.  D. P. McRae Attorney for State

January 1798 - State  vs. Duncan McFarlane AB  Wm. Robuck, Pros. William McPherson and Arch Strickland, 
Jno. Buie, Jno Croiwson, Wits.
North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that Duncan 
McFarland, late of the county aforesaid on the 17th day of November 1797 with force and arms in the 
county aforesaid in and upon the body of one Archibald Strickling then and there being an assault did 
make and him did beat and ill treat to his great damage & against the peace and dignity of the State. 
James Bostick, Foreman.  D. P. McRae Attorney for State

January 1798 - State vs. Jas Stewart  AB. Nathaniel Harrington, Pros. Wm. Long, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To Any Lawful officer to execute and return. Whereas Nathaniel 
Harrington, Jun, complains on oath that on Monday the 20th day of this present month, Nov'r, a certain 
James Stewart did commit several repeated assaults, first on foot, and afterward pulling him from his 
horse, rending his cloathes from his back and britch, beating, bruising, wounding and evil treating the 
said Nathaniel Harrington, Jun. Therefore this is to command you to take the body of the said James 
Stewart and have him before some Justice of the peace for this county to be dealt with according to 
the law and this shall be your warrant. Given under my hand and seal this 24th day of Nov'r 1797. 
Summon Wm. Long, Daniel McRae, Jas. Wright Gladis, Rich. Gladis and Gillim Gladis in behalf of the State.  
Thos. Dockery

State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
James Stewart of the county aforesaid, on the 20th day of November in the year of our Lord 1797 with 
force and arms in the county aforesaid upon the body of Nathaniel Harrington then and there being, an 
assault did make and him did beat, wound & ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and 
dignity of the State. Foreman, Jesse Bounds. David. P. McRee, Atto for the State.

January 1798 - State  vs. John Peterson AB lauchlin McKinnon, Pros. J. McAlister, Witness. Tod Robinson 
D. Clerk. James Terry, Clk.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say 
that John Peterson of Cumberland County, in the County of Richmond on the 15th day of November last 
did with force and arms make an assault upon the body of Lauchlin McKinnon at the house of Duncan 
McFarland and then and there did beat, wound and ill treat the said Lauchlin McKinnon being in the 
peace of God and to the evil example of all others in the like case offending and against the peace 
and dignity of said State. D. P. McRee, Atto Pro State.

January 1798 - State  vs. John Buie. Misdemeanor. James Terry, Pros., Philemon Bristow, Sarah Bristow, 
Witnesses.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
John Buie late of the county of Richmond on the first day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and ninety seven and at divers other days, greatly misdemeaning himself and forgetful 
of his duty as a citizen with wicked and diabolical intent did willfully endeavor and attempt to suborn  
Philemon Bristow, Junior, and induce him to commit perjury and swear falsely and the said John Buie did 
by offers and promises of large rewards endeavor to persuade the parents of the said Bristow to exercise 
their influence on their child to cause him to take and swear a false oath which doings of the said Buie 
are destructive of virtue and morality, an evil example to others, contrary to law, and against the peace 
and dignity of the State. D. P. McRee, Atto.

January 1798 - State vs. Louisa Chavis & Cherry Chavis. Trespass. Benj. Long, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Louisa Chavis and Cherry Chavis of the county aforesaid on the 10th day of October in the year of our 
Lord 1797 with force and arms in the county aforesaid ten pounds of tobacco of the value of six pence 
of the proper goods and chattels of James Long then and there being did take and carry away to his damage 
and against the peace and dignity of the State. D. P McRee.

January 1798 - State  vs. James Bounds. AB Lewis Lawyere, Pros. John Long, Wit.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
James Bounds late of the county aforesaid, on the 10th  day of January in the year of our Lord 1798 with 
force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Lewis Lawyere, a constable of said county, 
being then and there in the lawful exercise of his said office of constable, an assault did make and him 
beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. Foreman, 
James Cole. David. P. McRee, Atto for State. Jesse Bound, Foreman

January 1798 - State  vs. James Long  AB Cherry Chavis, Pros. John Clark, David Watkins, Witnesses. 
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
James Long, late of the county of Richmond, laborer, on the 25th day of December 1797 with force and 
arms in the county of Richmond aforesaid an assault on the body of Cherry Chavis  then and there being 
did make and her the said Chavis did beat, wound, ill treat to the great damage of the said Sarah and 
against the peace and dignity of the State. D. P. McRee. Atto for State.

April 1798 - State vs. Jonathan Baldwin AB
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
Jonathan Baldwin late of the county of Richmond on the 20th day of February 1798 with force and arms 
in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Joseph Smith then and there being, an assault did make 
and him did beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of the State. 
David. P. McRee, Atto for the State.

April 1798 - State vs. Jonathan Baldwin
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To the Sheriff of said County you are hereby commanded to 
summons Sherwood Harris, George Covey, and James Davis to be and appear before the Justices of our 
County Court to be held for the County of Richmond at the Court House in Rockingham on 2nd Monday July, 
then and there to testify and the truth to say on behalf of the State in a certain matter of controversy 
depending between the State Plaintiff and Jonathan Baldwin Defendant, and you shall in no wise omit 
under the penalty by law. James Terry Clerk our said Court at office the second Monday of April 1798. 
Clk, Tod Robinson, DC.

July 1798 - State vs. Wright Gatlin  AB Daniel McRae, Alex McCaul, Wm. Bennet and Jno Long, Wits.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say 
that Wright Gatlin late of the county of Richmond, labourer, on the 7th day of July 1798 with force 
and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Lauchlin McKinnon, Sheriff, an assault did 
make and him did beat and wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and dignity 
of the State. David. P. McRee, Atto for the State.

July 1798 - State vs. James Bounds
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To any Lawful officer. Complaint being made unto me by John 
Long on oath that James Bounds on the 12th day of July 1798 did in a riotous manner ride his horse over 
the son of the said John Long whereby the life of the said child is in danger, besides other damages 
and insults done to the said Long and to the State … subjects contrary to the laws of this State you 
are therefore commanded to take the body of the said James Bounds and him safely keep so that you have 
him before me or some other justice of said county to answer. Direct given under my hand and seal this 
12th day of July 1798. Micajah Gainey.

October 1798 - State vs. James Bounds.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
James Bounds late of the county of Richmond, yeoman, on the 12th day of July 1798 with force and arms 
in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of John Long, Junior, child of John Long an assault did 
make and him the said child did beat and wound by riding and spurring his horse over the said child 
whereby the life of the said child was despaired of against the peace and dignity of the State.  
David. P. McRee, Atto for the State.

October 1798 - State vs. George Covey  AB. James Long, Samuel Usher, Witnesses.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
George Covey late of the county aforesaid, labourer, on the 2nd  day of July in the year of our Lord 
1798 with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of James Liles an assault did 
make and him beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of the 
State. Foreman, James Cole. David. P. McRee, Atto for the State. 

October 1798 - State vs. Thomas Kinney  AB. John Long, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say 
that Thomas Kinney late of the county of Richmond, labourer, on the 4th  day of October in the year 
of our Lord 1798 with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of John Long an 
assault did make and him beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and 
dignity of the State. Foreman, James Cole. David. P. McRee, Atto for the State.

October 1798 - State vs. John McDuffie  AB. Kennith McKaskil, Pros.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Jurors for the State on their oath present and say that 
John McDuffie  late of the county of Richmond on the 10th  day of September in the year of our Lord 
1798 with force and arms in the county aforesaid in and upon the body of Kennith McKaskil an assault 
did make and him beat, wound and ill treat to his great damage and against the peace and dignity of 
the State. Foreman, James Cole. David. P. McRee, Atto for the State.

Be it remembered that on the 12th day of September 1798 came before me, John Crowson one of the justices 
of said county, John McDuffie, Murdock McDuffie, Roderick McDuffie of the same county, farmers, who 
acknowledge themselves indebted to the State in the sum of fifty pound each to be levied on their goods 
and chattels, lands and tenements if default is made in the performances of the condition hereunto written. 
Also, Duncan McQuage, John McDonald, Randal McKinnon, each acknowledged themselves in the sum of fifty 
pound to be levied on their goods and chattels, land and tenements if default is made in the condition. 
John Crowson
Note: The records on these two pages represent a small portion of the loose Criminal Action Papers being housed at North Carolina Department of Archives and History. There are many additional boxes. Myrtle

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