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1861 MEETING IN RICHMOND COUNTY
(concerning the disturbed and alarming condition of the country)
At a meeting of the citizens of Richmond County, irrespective of parties, held at the Court House in the
Town of Rockingham on the 1st day of January 1861, on motion of Mr. R. H. Brown, Hugh McLean, Esq., was
called to the Chair, and John W. Cole and James S. Knight appointed Secretaries.
On motion the Chair appointed the following gentlemen a committee on resolutions, viz: W. F. Leak,
R. H. Brown, John Shortridge, John C. Knight and Wm. C. Leak.
The meeting was entertained by speeches from several gentlemen in absence of the committee who on
their return, submitted through their chairman, W. F. Leak, Esq., the following resolutions, which were
read separately and passed with acclamation.
Resolved, 2nd: That in the present disturbed and alarming condition of the country, we are in favor
of calling a convention at an early day in order that the people of North Carolina may take the matter
in their own hands, with the understanding that whatever may be done, shall be submitted to them for
Resolved, 3rd: That as yet we do not advocate the withdrawal of North Carolina from the confederacy
until all shall be done consistent with honor and security, yet at the same time we declare that the
agitation of the slavery question must now be settled without longer forbearance on the part of the people
of North Carolina.
Resolved, 4th: That to this end we call upon North Carolina in Convention assembled, and in the
exercise of her highest sovereignty, to define her position and that too in language so un mistakenly
plain that even fanaticism itself shall not be deceived thereby.
Resolved, 5th: That we ask no slave code or any other kind of code, only asking that slavery shall
receive the same protection as property as is now extended to every other species of property against
"hostile" or any other kind of legislation.
Resolved, 6th: That we demand a repeal of all those enactments of the Northern States known as
"Liberty Aid Bills" interposing between the master and his runaway slave.
Resolved, 7th: That Congress now henceforth and forever, shall ignore the question of slavery in
every manner, matter, shape and form in the States, in the Districts and in the Territories; and that
for this purpose a reasonable time be given (which reasonable time shall be decided by the Convention)
after which unless an unqualifiedly favorable response be given, then we are the advocates of at once
withdrawing from the confederacy, and, you may call it secession, revolution or anything else you please.
Resolved, 8th: That in the event that dissolution is inevitable, then we are unanimously in favor of
a Southern Confederacy and disapprove the idea of North Carolina being attached to a middle, or any other
kind of Confederacy; for with the South we are one in interest, one in sentiment, one in feeling, one in
our social relations, one in short in everything calculated to impart prosperity, as well as give security
to "hearthstone and alter."
Resolved, 9th: That we regard the doctrine recently proclaimed in the Senate of the United States by
a Senator from Tennessee, and endorsed by the Black Republican party, that the Federal Government should
use force to coerce a State into obedience, which throws itself upon its original rights, is dangerous to
the liberties of the country, violative of the spirit of the Constitution, subversive of the very
foundations of American freedom, and ought not to be submitted to for one moment by the people of the
Resolved, 10th: That in order to carry out the 8th resolution, and as a last resort, we recommend
that the Convention to be assembled shall select Commissioners to confer with the Southern States for
the purpose of forming a Southern Confederacy.
Resolved, 11th: That the above resolutions be placed before the two Houses of our Legislature by the
Senator from this District, and by the Commoner from this County; and that they be instructed to give
efficacy to our wishes in that resolution requiring a Convention.
Speeches were made in support of the resolutions by Messers. W. F. Leak, R. H. Brown, W. L. Steele,
W. B. Cole, John Shortridge, L. H. Webb, Jno. C. Knight and others.
On motion of Col. W. L. Steele, the resolutions were ordered to be sent to the Fayetteville Observer
and Wilmington Journal for publication, with the request that the other State papers copy.
Hugh McLean, Ch'n John W. Cole and James B. Knight Secretaries.
1863 STATE VS
ARCHIBALD BLUE - INDICTMENT FOR HARBORING DESERTERS AND CONSCRIPTS
State of North Carolina, County of Richmond, Superior Court of Law, Fall Term 1863. The Grand Jury present
Archibald Blue for harbouring, concealing, aiding and comforting his sons, William Blue, Daniel Thomas Blue
and James Blue. Witnesses James Gardner and Starling W. Bostick. (Signed) W. F. Leak, Foreman.
State of North Carolina, Richmond County, Superior Court of Law, Fall Term A.D. 1863. The Jurors for the State
upon their oath present, that Archibald Blue, late of the County of Richmond, on the first day of September
A.D. 1863 with force and arms at and in the County of Richmond aforesaid unlawfully, willfully and knowingly
did aid and assist and secretly harbor, and conceal and fraudulently maintain on William Blue, then and there
being a person enrolled and ordered to report for duty as a conscript, in refusing to obey such order, he the
said Archibald Blue, then and there well knowing the said William Blue to be a person enrolled and ordered to
report for duty as a conscript and to be refusing to obey such order contrary to the form of the state in such
case made and provided and against the peace and dignity of the State. And the Jurors aforesaid, upon their
oath aforesaid do further present that Archibald Blue, late of the County aforesaid, on the day and year
aforesaid with force and arms at and in the County of Richmond aforesaid unlawfully, willfully and knowingly
did aid and assist and secretly harbor and conceal and fraudulently maintain William Blue, then and there being
a deserter from the military service of the Confederate States, he the said Archibald Blue then and there well
knowing the said William Blue to be a deserter from the military service of the Confederate States, contrary to
the form of the statute in such case made and provided and against the peace and dignity of the State.
(signed) R. P. Buxton, Solicitor. (Transcribed from original records by Myrtle N. Bridges)
1787 WILLIAM WELCH
REPORTS ABUSE AT THE HANDS OF PETER HALL, JOHN HALL AND JAMES DUNKIN
1787 August 27. State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This day William Welch complains on oath to me,
one of the Justices assigned to keep the peace, that on the 7th instant in the night came to his house
Peter Hall, John Hall and James Dunkin [John Duncan, his security] and in a riotous or murdering manner
with their guns presented and laid hands on him the said William Welch and bound him with bonds and carried
him away, and after great threats and abuse the day following, took him to the house of John Farlie and
there stripped him and bound him to a certain tree and there with large hickory sticks did unmercifully
beat, bruise and wound him the said Welch so that his lip was greatly swollen and from thence without legal
authority carried him out of his County and there with cocked and presented guns at him did much threaten
his life and cause him to give them obligations for a sum of money and did very evilly treat him contrary
to the laws and dignity of our State.
These are therefore in the name of the State to command you to take the bodys of said Peter Hall, John Hall
and James Dunkin or either of them found in your County and them safely keep till you have them before some
Justice of said County where they shall be dealt with as the law directs. Given under my hand and seal this
27th day of Aug. 1787. [signed] John McAlester. Summons witness in behalf of State, John Farlie, Archibald
Farlie, John Grimes and Mallachai Dees. Civil Action Papers CR.082.325.3
(Transcribed from original records by Myrtle N. Bridges)
1817 FRANCIS BLAIR, GRAY ALLEN & ANGUS MURCHISON GIVE DEPOSITIONS
IN MATTER OF CONTROVERSY BETWEEN WILLIAM HAMMOND & THOMAS C. ELLERBE
North Carolina, Anson County. In pursuance of an order from the Superior Court of Richmond County directed to
Adam Lockhart and William Desmukes, Justices of the Peace for said County to take the depositions of Francis
Blair, Angus Murchison and Gray Allen touching and concerning what they may know in a matter of controversy
wherein William Hammond is plaintiff and Thomas C. Ellerbe, Defendant we have caused said Francis Blair, Angus
Murchison and Gray Allen to appear before us at the Court House in the Town of Wadesborough in said County of
Anson this 24th day of March 1819. Who after being duly sworn deposeth and sayeth as follows, viz:
Gray Allen deposeth and saith that about Spring of the year 1817 that he heard a noise in the street near
Angus? [illegible, may be Ingor] D. Cash's dwelling house, that he went out and saw Mrs. Cash and Mrs. Ellerbe
have hold of William Hammond, who appeared to be endeavoring to take something from him, which he understood
to be a pistol. William Hammond said that some person had taken his pistol which was snapt as he believes at
William Hammond, and he further saith that he saw some person strike William Hammond, who immediately asked who
it was and Thomas C. Ellerbe replied that it was he that struck him.
Question by plaintiff: Did you see any fire when the pistol was snapt?
Answer: I did which appeared to fall near the ground. And further this deponent saith not. Sworn and subscribed
before us the 24th day of March 1819. (signed) A. Lockhart and W. Desmukes. (signed) Gray Allen.
Francis Blair deposeth and sayeth that sometime in the spring of the year 1817 William Hammond, then Sheriff of
Anson, came to the store of Col. John M. Elder, about eight o'clock at night and summoned him and others to
assist him in getting some property belonging to Thomas C. Ellerbe which was then in town, to satisfy an
execution in his hands against said Ellerbe, that he went with said Hammond who went into Col. Cash's yard
and brought into the street a Negro which he put under my care, and that Mrs. Cash and Mrs. Ellerbe came out
and rescued the Negro, Mrs. Ellerbe then took hold of Mr. Hammond for the purpose of taking a pistol from him
which he held in his hand. During this time Thomas C. Ellerbe came out with his coat off and a knife drawn in
his hand and abused Mr. Hammond.
Question by Plaintiff: Did you hear me tell Thomas C. Ellerbe when he came out that he was my mark?
Answer: No, nor do I believe such a thing was said as I was standing between Mr. Hammond and the house when
Mr. Ellerbe came out.
Question by Plaintiff: Did I use any expressions to provoke a riot or did it not appear that I went in
pursuance of my lawful business peaceably?
Answer: You made use of no such expression, but appeared to go peaceably. And further this deponent sayeth
not. Sworn and subscribed before us the 24th day of March 1819. (signed) A. Lockhart and W. Desmukes. (signed)
Angus Murchison deposeth and sayeth that sometime in the spring of the year 1817 he heard a conversation
between William Hammond and Thomas C. Ellerbe respecting an execution in the hands of the said Hammond in
favor of Bass & Bass against the said Ellerbe as the security of Boggan Cash, and it was (illegible) said
Hammond and Ellerbe that he levied on two of the said Ellerbe's Negroes and interest were written and Ellerbe
said he would go and put one up at Cash's to show his that his property was to be sold for Boggan Cash's debt,
who returned and said he had put one up at Cash's store which I afterwards saw. And further this deponent sayeth
not. (signed) A. Lockhart and W. Desmukes. (signed) A. Murchison. (Transcribed from original by Myrtle N. Bridges)
1817 DANIEL McCASKILL ACCUSED OF RAPE IN SAMPSON COUNTY,
ASSIGNS POWER OF ATTORNEY TO ANGUS McPHERSON
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. To all whom it may concern. Know ye that I Daniel McCaskill of
South Carolina (Lenches Creek) having lately been into the County of Bertie, North Carolina for the purpose
of purchasing negroes, and accordingly purchased two of the following description, a negro fellow named Allen
about twenty four years old, and a wench named Esther about thirty years old, and on my return in the County of Cumberland
at the house of Lewis Jones, Esq., I was overtaken by a number of persons, who declared that their object was to apprehend
me on a charge of perpetrating a rape in Sampson County, and although innocent, I felt despond to evade
their power and oppression, and deserted leaving my horse, bridle and saddle, saddle bags, cloaths, twenty three dollars
in silver, besides the two negroes above mentioned. Now therefore for the purpose of recovering
the said money and property I hereby nominate and appoint my friend Angus McPherson of Richmond County
my lawfull attorney to ask, demand, sue for and recover all the money and property aforesaid in his own name, or
otherwise from any person who may have the same in their possession, and lawfully to do act and perform
in and about the premises in as full and ample a manner to all intents and purposes as I could or might do were I myself personally
present ratifying and confirming all and every act of my said attorney by these presents, in every respect relative to the same.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 27th May 1817. (Signed) Daniel McCaskill
Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of Kenneth McCaskill & Allen McCaskill
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. June Term 1817. The within was proven by the oath
of Kenneth McKaskel a subscribing witness thereto. Ordered to be registered. (signed) Martin D. Crawford.
(Source: R. Carol McLean /Recorded Book "L", Page 5 of Richmond County, NC Registry)
1819 ARIES LUNTSFORD LOSES EAR TO FOE
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. The Subscribers came before me B. H. Covington a justice
of the peace for the county aforesaid, this 7th day of August 1819 and made oath, that on Friday last being
the 3rd of this instant part of the right ear of Aries Luntsford was bit off in the Town of Rockingham by Laurence Everett, Jun.,
whilst engaged in committing an assault and battery on the body of said Luntsford, as there deponents do verily
believe they were present at the engagement, and saw the wound immediately after it was inflicted, and they
have given this affidavit to shew strangers and others whom it may concern that the loss of the said ear, was not
occasioned by the execution of any judgment or sentence of the law and therefore amounts to no disqualification.
Sworn to 7 August 1819 before me B. H. Covington, JP. (signed) James Jackson (x his mark) and William Duffie
October Term 1819. The within instrument of writing was exhibited in open court by Aries Luntsford
and ordered to be registered. (signed) M. D. Crawford, Clerk.
(Source: R. Carol McLean /Book "L", Page 227, Richmond County NC
1855 LEWIS H. WEBB CAPTIVATED AT FRIENDS WEDDING
State of North Carolina, Richmond County. This is to certify that I did solemnize the rites of matrimony
between Thomas C. Leak and Martha Wall on the 9th of January 1855. (signed) R. S. Ledbetter (Min)
I Louis H. Webb, Clerk of the County Court certify the foregoing to be a true copy of the original certificate
of the Rev. Robert S. Ledbetter and furthermore that as friend and attendant upon the
bridegroom T. C. Leak, I witnessed the solemnization and celebration of his nuptials and on the memorable
9th January 1855, aforesaid, in the aforesaid capacity of witness and friend, became myself captivated
by a fair, who I ardently hope may at no distant day be joined to my fate in the indissoluble ties of
wedlock.(signed) L. H. Webb, Clerk.
(Source: R. Carol McLean /Richmond County Records)
1868 ANSON COUNTY FIRE
1868 - July Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for Anson County. It is ordered by the Court for
the information of those who succeed us and the living present alike that the following be made
a part of the records of this Court: On Thursday morning, April 2, 1868, between twelve and one
o'clock, a fire occurred in the town breaking out near the store house of J. R. Hargrave, then
unoccupied except as a depot for some cotton, which rapidly extended to the store houses occupied
by Morton's Brewery and the Anson Hotel, destroying them; thence communicating northward burning
the store houses of S.W. Cole, A. E. Bennett and Jesse Edwards, involving the Court House, the
entire records of the Superior Court, the most part of those of the County and Equity Courts,
and the line of buildings extending thence eastward to and including the jail and kitchen, where
by great efforts and the blessings of Our Heavenly Father, it was stopped. About 32 buildings
were destroyed. In consequence of the loss of the Court House, the Court met at the Baptist
Church within the corporate lands of the Town of Wadesborough.
Remarks from the memory of Risden F. Bennett recorded Sept. 13, 1912. Minute Docket N./79 -NCA
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